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  • Divorce American Style (film by Yorkin [1967])

    Debbie Reynolds: …The Singing Nun (1966), and Divorce American Style (1967), with Dick Van Dyke. In 1973 she provided the voice of the main character in the animated Charlotte’s Web. In addition to her film work, she also headlined the TV series The Debbie Reynolds Show (1969–70). On Broadway, she appeared in…

  • Divorce, Italian Style (film by Germi [1962])
  • Divorcee, The (film by Leonard [1930])

    Robert Z. Leonard: From silent to sound: Leonard’s first talkie with Shearer, The Divorcee (1930), was their most successful collaboration. Leonard was nominated for an Academy Award, as was the film itself, and Shearer won her only Oscar for her performance as a sexually emancipated woman. Shearer played a similar role in Let Us Be Gay (1930),…

  • Divorzio all’italiana (film by Germi [1962])
  • Divri?i (Turkey)

    Divri?i, town, central Turkey. It is situated near the ?alt?suyu River, which is a tributary of the Euphrates. The town lies near the end of a fertile valley surrounded by orchards and gardens and below a small hill dominated by a ruined 13th-century walled citadel. Formerly a Byzantine stronghold

  • divus (Roman deification measurement)

    ancient Rome: Appraisal of Augustus: …the Senate unhesitatingly pronounced him divus—the deified one who had restored peace, organized a standing army to defend the frontiers, expanded those frontiers farther than any previous Roman, improved administrative practices everywhere, promoted better standards of public and private behaviour, integrated Rome and Italy, embellished Rome, reconciled the provinces, expedited…

  • Divyavadana (Buddhist work)

    India: Ashoka’s edicts: …of the northern Buddhist tradition—the Divyavadana and the Ashokavadana—where he is extolled as a Buddhist emperor par excellence whose sole ambition was the expansion of Buddhism. Most of these traditions were preserved outside India in Sri Lanka, Central Asia, and China. Even after the edicts were deciphered, it was believed…

  • Diwali (Hindu festival)

    Diwali, one of the major religious festivals in Hinduism, lasting for five days from the 13th day of the dark half of the lunar month Ashvina to the second day of the light half of Karttika. (The corresponding dates in the Gregorian calendar usually fall in late October and November.) The name is

  • Diwali (Sikh festival)

    Sikhism: Rites and festivals: …New Year festival of Baisakhi, Diwali, and Hola Mahalla. Festivals are marked by processions in the streets and visits to gurdwaras, particularly to those associated with one of the Gurus or with some historical event. Speeches are commonly made to crowds of worshipers. Diwali, the Festival of Light, is observed…

  • Dīwān (work by al-Khansā?)

    al-Khansā?: …collected poetry of al-Khansā?, the Dīwān (published in an English translation by Arthur Wormhoudt in 1973), reflects the pagan fatalism of the tribes of pre-Islamic Arabia. The poems are generally short and imbued with a strong and traditional sense of despair at the irretrievable loss of life. The elegies of…

  • Dīwān (work by Judah ha-Levi)

    Judah ha-Levi: …are the poems collected in Dīwān, the “Zionide” poems celebrating Zion, and the Sefer ha-Kuzari (“Book of the Khazar”), presenting his philosophy of Judaism in dialogue form.

  • dīwān (Islamic government unit)

    Divan, in Islāmic societies, a “register,” or logbook, and later a “finance department,” “government bureau,” or “administration.” The first divan appeared under the caliph ?Umar I (634–644) as a pensions list, recording free Arab warriors entitled to a share of the spoils of war. Out of rents and

  • dīwān al-?Arab (Arabic poetic literature)

    Arabic literature: Poetry: …register of the Arabs” (dīwān al-?Arab) is the age-old phrase whereby Arabs have acknowledged the status and value that poetry has always retained within their cultural heritage. From the very earliest stages in the Arabic literary tradition, poetry has reflected the deepest sense of Arab self-identity, of communal history,…

  • Diwan Dalpatram Sufi (Sufi poet)

    Sindhi literature: The finest example is Diwan Dalpatram Sufi (died 1841), who composed a heroic ballad, a Persian jangnama about the famous Sufi martyr Shah Inayat of Jhok, whose death in 1718 was celebrated in several later poems. Sayyid Sabit Ali Shah (1740–1810) not only composed ghazals in Sindhi but also…

  • Dīwān lughat at-Turk (work by al-Kāshgarī)

    history of Central Asia: The Khitans: …contemporary with it was the Dīwān lughat al-Turk (1072–74; Compendium of the Turkic Dialects), an Arabic dictionary of Khakani, the Middle Turkish dialect spoken by the Karakhanids and written by Ma?mūd al-Kāshgarī.

  • Dīwān-e Khass (building, Fatehpur Sikri, India)

    Akbar period architecture: …Hall of Private Audience (Diwan-i-Khas) is arresting in its interior arrangement, which has a single massive column encircled by brackets supporting a stone throne platform, from which radiate four railed balconies. The palace of Jodha Bai, Akbar’s wife, and the residence of Mahesh Das (commonly known as Bīrbal, Akbar’s…

  • Diwan-i-Am (building, Fatehpur Sikri, India)

    Red Fort: …Hall of Public Audience (Diwan-i-Am), which has 60 red sandstone pillars supporting a flat roof, and the Hall of Private Audience (Diwan-i-Khas), which is smaller, with a pavilion of white marble.

  • Diwan-i-Khas (building, Agra, India)

    Agra Fort: The Hall of Private Audience (Diwan-i-Khas) was used for receiving distinguished visitors. The famous Peacock Throne was once kept there, before Aurangzeb took it to Delhi. Near the Hall of Private Audience stands the tall Octagonal Tower (Musamman Burj), the residence of Shah Jahān’s favourite empress,…

  • Diwan-i-Khas (building, Fatehpur Sikri, India)

    Akbar period architecture: …Hall of Private Audience (Diwan-i-Khas) is arresting in its interior arrangement, which has a single massive column encircled by brackets supporting a stone throne platform, from which radiate four railed balconies. The palace of Jodha Bai, Akbar’s wife, and the residence of Mahesh Das (commonly known as Bīrbal, Akbar’s…

  • Diwan-i-?Am (building, Agra Fort, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India)

    Agra Fort: In the Hall of Public Audience (Diwan-i-?Am), the emperor would listen to public petitions and meet state officials. The elegant marble walls of the Khas Mahal (the emperor’s private palace) were once adorned with flowers depicted by precious gems. Located to its northeast is the splendid Palace…

  • dīwānī script

    Dīwānī script, cursive style of Arabic calligraphy developed during the reign of the early Ottoman Turks (16th–early 17th century). It was invented by Housam Roumi and reached its height of popularity under Süleyman I the Magnificent (1520–66). As decorative as it was communicative, dīwānī was

  • diwāniyyah (traditional gathering)

    Kuwait: Daily life and social customs: …is the institution of the diwāniyyah, a regular gathering of men—usually in a tent or a separate room of the main house—which serves as a time to gather, enjoy refreshments, talk, or play games. Kuwaitis observe all major Islamic holidays, including Ramadan and the two ?īds (festivals), ?īd al-Fi?r and…

  • Dīwāniyyah, Al- (Iraq)

    Al-Dīwāniyyah, city, capital of Al-Qādisiyyah mu?āfa?ah (governorate), south-central Iraq. It lies in a riverine area about 20 miles (32 km) west of a channel of the Euphrates River, and some nearby areas are under irrigation. Agriculture is the main occupation; palm trees, vineyards, and orchards

  • Dix Années d’exil (work by Sta?l)

    Germaine de Sta?l: Banishment from Paris.: …published posthumously in 1821, her Dix Années d’exil (Ten Years’ Exile). From December 1803 to April 1804 she made a journey through Germany, culminating in a visit to Weimar, already established as the shrine of J.W. von Goethe and Friedrich von Schiller. In Berlin she met August Wilhelm von Schlegel,…

  • Dix River (river, Kentucky, United States)

    Dix River, river that rises in central Kentucky, U.S., and flows 77 miles (124 km) generally northwest to the Kentucky River at High Bridge. Dix Dam (1924), constructed for hydroelectric power, impounds Herrington Lake near

  • Dix, Dorothea (American social reformer)

    Dorothea Dix, American educator, social reformer, and humanitarian whose devotion to the welfare of the mentally ill led to widespread reforms in the United States and abroad. Dix left her unhappy home at age 12 to live and study in Boston with her grandmother. By age 14 she was teaching in a

  • Dix, Dorothea Lynde (American social reformer)

    Dorothea Dix, American educator, social reformer, and humanitarian whose devotion to the welfare of the mentally ill led to widespread reforms in the United States and abroad. Dix left her unhappy home at age 12 to live and study in Boston with her grandmother. By age 14 she was teaching in a

  • Dix, Dorothy (American journalist)

    Elizabeth Meriwether Gilmer, American journalist who achieved great popular success as an advice columnist and with sentimentalized coverage of sensational crime stories. Elizabeth Meriwether received little formal schooling before her marriage in 1888 to George O. Gilmer. A short time later he

  • Dix, John Adams (American politician)

    John Adams Dix, political leader and U.S. Army officer who, as secretary of the treasury of the United States (1861), issued to a treasury officer in New Orleans the famous order: “If any one attempts to haul down the American flag, shoot him on the spot.” He entered the U.S. Army at the age of 14

  • Dix, Otto (German artist)

    Otto Dix, German painter and engraver who mixed compassion and Expressionist despair to create works harshly critical of society. He was associated and exhibited with the Neue Sachlichkeit group of painters. Son of a railway worker, Dix was apprenticed to a decorative artist and received training

  • DIXI (United States space mission)

    Deep Impact: …Observation and Characterization (EPOCh) and Deep Impact Extended Investigation (DIXI).

  • Dixie (region, United States)

    Dixie, the Southern U.S. states, especially those that belonged to the Confederate States of America (1860–65). The name came from the title of a song composed in 1859 by Daniel Decatur Emmett; this tune was popular as a marching song of the Confederate Army, and was often considered the

  • Dixie (song by Emmett)

    Daniel Decatur Emmett: His song “Dixie,” written in 1859, was originally a “walk-around,” or concluding number for a minstrel show. It attained national popularity and was later the unofficial national anthem of the Confederacy during the American Civil War (1861–65) and of the South thereafter. Several sets of words, Northern…

  • Dixie Chicks (American music group)

    Dixie Chicks, American country music group that achieved crossover success in the pop market. The group’s principal members included Martie Maguire (née Erwin; b. October 12, 1969, York, Pennsylvania, U.S.), Emily Robison (née Erwin; b. August 16, 1972, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, U.S.), and Natalie

  • Dixiecrat (political party, United States)

    Dixiecrat, member of a right-wing Democratic splinter group in the 1948 U.S. presidential election organized by Southerners who objected to the civil rights program of the Democratic Party. It met at Birmingham, Ala., and on July 17, 1948, nominated Gov. Strom Thurmond of South Carolina for

  • Dixieland (music)

    Dixieland, in music, a style of jazz, often ascribed to jazz pioneers in New Orleans, La., but also descriptive of styles honed by slightly later Chicago-area musicians. The term also refers to the traditional jazz that underwent a popular revival during the 1940s and that continued to be played

  • Dixin (ruler of Shang dynasty)

    Zhou, last sovereign (c. 1075–46 bc) of the Shang dynasty (c. 1600–1046 bc), who, according to legend, lost his empire because of his extreme debauchery. To please his concubine, Daji, Zhou is said to have built a lake of wine around which naked men and women were forced to chase one another. His

  • Dixit, J. N. (Indian diplomat)

    J.N. Dixit, diplomat who served as India’s national security adviser and as the Indian envoy to Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Dixit was the son of a writer and a Sanskrit scholar. After earning a bachelor’s degree in philosophy, economics, and political science from Delhi

  • Dixit, Jyotindra Nath (Indian diplomat)

    J.N. Dixit, diplomat who served as India’s national security adviser and as the Indian envoy to Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Dixit was the son of a writer and a Sanskrit scholar. After earning a bachelor’s degree in philosophy, economics, and political science from Delhi

  • Dixit, Mani (Indian diplomat)

    J.N. Dixit, diplomat who served as India’s national security adviser and as the Indian envoy to Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Dixit was the son of a writer and a Sanskrit scholar. After earning a bachelor’s degree in philosophy, economics, and political science from Delhi

  • Dixon (Illinois, United States)

    Dixon, city, seat (1839) of Lee county, northwestern Illinois, U.S. It lies on the Rock River, about 100 miles (160 km) west of Chicago. The area was settled in 1828 by Joseph Ogee, who established a ferry service across the river. Two years later the town was founded by John Dixon (for whom the

  • Dixon Entrance (passage, Pacific Ocean)

    Dixon Entrance, narrow passage (50 miles [80 km] wide) of the eastern North Pacific, stretching 50 miles east from the open ocean to Hecate Strait (Canada). The Alexander Archipelago of southeastern Alaska lies to the north and British Columbia’s Haida Gwaii (formerly the Queen Charlotte Islands)

  • Dixon, Alan (United States senator)

    Carol Moseley Braun: Senator Alan Dixon’s support of U.S. Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas, she ran against Dixon in the 1992 Democratic primary. Though poorly financed, she won an upset victory over Dixon on her way to capturing a seat in the Senate.

  • Dixon, Bill (American musician)

    Bill Dixon, (William Robert Dixon), American jazz artist (born Oct. 5, 1925, Nantucket, Mass.—died June 16, 2010, North Bennington, Vt.), composed brooding, impressionist scores and played trumpet solos that incorporated silence, quiet passages, and distortions of his sound into large, abstract

  • Dixon, Floyd (American musician)

    Floyd Dixon, American rhythm and blues (R&B) musician who was one of the principal exponents of the up-tempo blues style known as West Coast jump blues. Dixon moved with his family to Los Angeles as a child. He taught himself to play the piano and entered amateur music contests, at one of which he

  • Dixon, Frank James (American immunologist)

    Frank James Dixon, American immunologist (born March 9, 1920, St. Paul, Minn.—died Feb. 8, 2008, San Diego, Calif.), was the founding director (1961) of the Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, Calif., where he developed isotope tracer techniques that were used to track the dynamics of protein.

  • Dixon, George (American boxer)

    George Dixon, Canadian-born American boxer, the first black to win a world boxing championship. He is considered one of the best fighters in the history of the bantamweight and featherweight divisions (present weight limits 118 pounds and 126 pounds, respectively). A resident of Boston from 1887,

  • Dixon, George (English navigator)

    George Dixon, English navigator whose exploration of the western coast of North America helped to establish a profitable English fur trade in what is now British Columbia. Upon returning from Capt. James Cook’s third voyage in search of a northwest passage to the Orient (1776–79), he became a

  • Dixon, Harland (American dancer)

    tap dance: Early history: Dancers such as Harland Dixon and Jimmy Doyle (a duo known for their buck-and-wing dancing) impressed audiences and influenced developing dancers with their skill, ingenuity, and creativity. In addition to shaping dance performance, tap dancers influenced the evolution of popular American music in the early to mid-20th century;…

  • Dixon, Henry (English photographer)

    history of photography: Landscape and architectural documentation: Alfred and John Bool and Henry Dixon worked for the Society for Photographing Old London, recording historical buildings and relics. In the 1850s the French government commissioned several photographers to document historical buildings. Working with cameras making photographs as large as 20 by 29 inches (51 by 74 cm), Henri…

  • Dixon, Henry Horatio (Irish botanist)

    Henry Horatio Dixon, Irish botanist who investigated plant transpiration and, with John Joly, developed the tension theory of sap ascent. Dixon studied at Trinity College, Dublin, and the University of Bonn; he became professor of botany at Trinity (1904) and director of the botanical gardens

  • Dixon, Ivan (American actor)

    A Raisin in the Sun: Cast: Assorted ReferencesDeeGossett

  • Dixon, Jeane L. Pinckert (American astrologer)

    Jeane L. Pinckert Dixon, U.S. astrologer who gained renown as a psychic when it was revealed in 1963 that in 1956 she seemingly had predicted the death of U.S. Pres. John F. Kennedy (b. Jan. 5, 1918--d. Jan. 25,

  • Dixon, Jeremiah (English surveyor)

    Jeremiah Dixon, British surveyor who, working with fellow surveyor Charles Mason, established the boundary between Maryland and Pennsylvania, known since as the Mason and Dixon Line. Almost nothing is known of Dixon’s life prior to his association with Mason. In 1760 the two were selected by the

  • Dixon, John (American postmaster)

    Dixon: …the town was founded by John Dixon (for whom the city is named), a postmaster who took over operation of the ferry service and established a tavern on his mail route between Peoria and Galena. General Henry Atkins built Fort Dixon as a base for his campaign in 1832 against…

  • Dixon, Joseph (American inventor)

    Joseph Dixon, American inventor and manufacturer who pioneered in the industrial use of graphite. Originally a printer and lithographer, Dixon discovered in experiments with typecasting that graphite crucibles withstood high temperatures. In 1827 he began the manufacture of lead pencils, stove

  • Dixon, Robin (British bobsledder)

    Eugenio Monti: …team of Anthony Nash and Robin Dixon. When a faulty axle on the British sled was sure to lead to their withdrawal, Monti took a part from his own sled and allowed Nash and Dixon to use it on theirs. The British team went on to take the gold medal;…

  • Dixon, Roland B. (American anthropologist)

    Roland B. Dixon, U.S. cultural anthropologist who, at the Peabody Museum of Harvard University, organized one of the world’s most comprehensive and functional anthropological libraries. He also developed Harvard into a leading centre for the training of anthropologists. Dixon’s career was spent

  • Dixon, Roland Burrage (American anthropologist)

    Roland B. Dixon, U.S. cultural anthropologist who, at the Peabody Museum of Harvard University, organized one of the world’s most comprehensive and functional anthropological libraries. He also developed Harvard into a leading centre for the training of anthropologists. Dixon’s career was spent

  • Dixon, Thomas (American writer)

    Thomas Dixon, U.S. novelist, dramatist, and legislator who vigorously propagated ideas of white supremacy. He is chiefly remembered for his novel The Clansman (1905), which presented a sympathetic picture of the Ku Klux Klan. Dixon’s friend, D.W. Griffith, used the novel as the basis for the epic

  • Dixon, William James (American musician)

    Willie Dixon, American blues musician who, as a record producer, bassist, and prolific songwriter, exerted a major influence on the post-World War II Chicago style. Dixon’s mother wrote religious poetry, and he sang in a gospel quartet before moving to Chicago in 1936. The following year he won the

  • Dixon, Willie (American musician)

    Willie Dixon, American blues musician who, as a record producer, bassist, and prolific songwriter, exerted a major influence on the post-World War II Chicago style. Dixon’s mother wrote religious poetry, and he sang in a gospel quartet before moving to Chicago in 1936. The following year he won the

  • Dixson, Miriam (Australian author)

    Australia: Strains of modern radicalism: Miriam Dixson in The Real Matilda (1976) argued that Australian women had suffered an inferior status, markedly below that of women in Western society at large. Her case was arguable, but the increasing volume of feminist studies more often stressed the achievements of women, though…

  • DIY (rock music)

    rock: The global market and fragmentation: The regeneration of DIY paralleled the development of new means of global music marketing. The 1985 Live Aid event, in which live television broadcasts of charity concerts taking place on both sides of the Atlantic were shown worldwide, not only put on public display the rock establishment and…

  • diyah (Islamic law)

    Diyah, in Islām, the traditional compensation due for the shedding of blood. In pre-Islāmic times, the compensation required for taking a life was 10 she-camels. The figure was increased to 100 in the area where Islām originated, and this regulation was subsequently endorsed by Mu?ammad. Elaborate

  • Diyālā River (river, Iraq)

    Diyālā River, river, important tributary of the Tigris River, rising in the Zagros Mountains of western Iran near Hamadān as the Sīrvān River and flowing westward across lowlands to join the Tigris just below Baghdad, Iraq. Its total length is 275 miles (443 km). The upper Diyālā drains an

  • Diyālā Weir (dam, Iraq)

    Tigris-Euphrates river system: Agriculture and irrigation: …canals, which depend on the Diyālā Weir and the Hamrin Dam; canals and projects fed by the Al-Kūt Barrage, including the Gharrāf River Canal and the Sha?? al-Dujaylah (an old bed of the Tigris); and canals and spillways from Al-?Amārah to Qal?at ?āli? on the left bank of the Tigris.

  • Diyār Bakr (district, Middle East)

    Al-Jazīrah: …to set themselves up in Diyār Bakr, the northernmost district. Diyār Bakr came under Ottoman rule in 1516, and its capital, āmida (modern Diyarbak?r, Turkey), flourished as a literary and scholarly centre. Upon the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, the northern district became part of Turkey.

  • Diyār Mu?ar (district, Middle East)

    Al-Jazīrah: Diyār Mu?ar, a frontier region in the west, briefly separated into two kingdoms late in the 11th century: the crusader Armenian state at Edessa (now ?anl?urfa, Turkey) in the north and the Turkish Muslim kingdom at Harran in the south. Zangī’s capture of Edessa in…

  • Diyār Rabī?ah (district, Middle East)

    Al-Jazīrah: …history of the largest district, Diyār Rabī?ah in eastern Al-Jazīrah, henceforth became identical with that of its capital, Mosul. The Zangids, the Mamlūks, the Persian Il-Khans, the Jalāyirids, the Turkmen Kara Koyunlu and Ak Koyunlu, and the Persian ?afavids ruled the area in succession until it was finally absorbed into…

  • Diyarbak?r (province, Turkey)

    Artuqid Dynasty: …that ruled the province of Diyarbak?r in northern Iraq (now in southeastern Turkey) through two branches: at ?i?n Kayfā and āmid (1098–1232) and at Mardin and Mayyāfāriqīn (1104–1408).

  • Diyarbak?r (Turkey)

    Diyarbak?r, city, southeastern Turkey. It lies on the right bank of the Tigris River. The name means “district (diyar) of the Bakr people.” Amida, an ancient town predating Roman colonization in the 3rd century ce, was enlarged and strengthened under the Roman emperor Constantius II, who also

  • Diyarbekir (Turkey)

    Diyarbak?r, city, southeastern Turkey. It lies on the right bank of the Tigris River. The name means “district (diyar) of the Bakr people.” Amida, an ancient town predating Roman colonization in the 3rd century ce, was enlarged and strengthened under the Roman emperor Constantius II, who also

  • Dizang (bodhisattva)

    Dizang, in Chinese Buddhism, bodhisattva (buddha-to-be) who is especially committed to delivering the dead from the torments of hell. His name is a translation of the Sanskrit Kshitigarbha (“Womb of the Earth”). Dizang seeks to deliver the souls of the dead from the punishments inflicted by the 10

  • Dizengoff Street (street, Tel Aviv–Yafo, Israel)

    Tel Aviv–Yafo: City layout: …however, moved farther north to Dizengoff Street, whose prominent feature was Dizengoff Square, a circular plaza and Tel Aviv focal point after its establishment in the 1930s. Dizengoff Street has gradually declined since the 1970s; some upscale shops moved to locations such as Hamedina Square (Kikar Ha-Medinah) farther north, but…

  • Dizfūl (Iran)

    Dezfūl, city, southwestern Iran. It lies on the high left bank of the Dez River, 469 feet (143 metres) in elevation, close to the foothills of the Zagros Mountains. The name, which means “fort-bridge,” is derived from structures the Sāsānians built there; still spanning the river is the imposing

  • dizi (musical instrument)

    Di, in music, transverse (or side-blown) bamboo flute of the Han Chinese. Traditional di have a membrane of bamboo or reed tissue covering the hole that is located between the mouth hole and the six finger holes. This membrane creates a distinctive sound characteristic of much Chinese flute music.

  • Dizionario enciclopedico italiano (Italian publication)

    encyclopaedia: The 20th century and beyond: The postwar Dizionario enciclopedico italiano (1955–61), issued by the same publishers, was a much smaller, well-illustrated work. The Enciclopedia europea was released in Milan between 1976 and 1984. Although consisting largely of brief articles, it had numerous signed long articles of good quality. In Germany the three…

  • Dizoid languages

    Omotic languages: …contain at least two divisions, Dizoid (with languages such as Dizi, Nayi, and Sheko) and Gonga-Gimojan. The latter comprises Gonga (with Kaficho, Shakacho, Boro, and possibly Anfillo), Yemsa (Janjero), and Gimira-Ometo. Bench is the main variety of Gimira, and the Ometo cluster is represented by languages such as Woylatta, Gamo,…

  • dizygotic twin (biology)

    Dizygotic twin, two siblings who come from separate ova, or eggs, that are released at the same time from an ovary and are fertilized by separate sperm. The term originates from di, meaning “two,” and zygote, “egg.” The rate of dizygotic twinning varies considerably worldwide. For example, parts of

  • dizziness

    human sensory reception: Vestibular sense (equilibrium): …visual field, often associated with dizziness and nausea.

  • Dizzy (prime minister of United Kingdom)

    Benjamin Disraeli, British statesman and novelist who was twice prime minister (1868, 1874–80) and who provided the Conservative Party with a twofold policy of Tory democracy and imperialism. Disraeli was of Italian-Jewish descent, the eldest son and second child of Isaac D’Israeli and Maria

  • Dizzy from Success (article by Stalin)

    collectivization: …1930, he published an article, “Dizzy from Success,” in which he shifted the blame to local officials, whom he characterized as overzealous in their duties. Immediately, many peasants left the kolkhozy. In March 1930 approximately 58 percent of the peasant households had been enrolled in kolkhozy; by June only about…

  • DJ (radio personality)

    Disc jockey, person who conducts a program of recorded music on radio, on television, or at discotheques or other dance halls. Disc jockey programs became the economic base of many radio stations in the United States after World War II. The format generally involves one person, the disc jockey,

  • DJ Chris Lova Lova (American rapper)

    Ludacris, American rapper who exemplified the Dirty South school of hip-hop, an exuberant profanity-laden musical style popularized by artists in the southern United States. Ludacris’s magnetic, larger-than-life rapping persona propelled him to stardom. Though born in Illinois, Chris Bridges spent

  • DJ Jazzy Jeff (American musician)

    Will Smith: …alliance with schoolmate and deejay Jeffrey Townes, whom he met in 1981. They began recording as DJ Jazzy Jeff and the Fresh Prince and released their first single, “Girls Ain’t Nothing but Trouble,” in 1986, later followed by the album Rock the House. In 1988 the group released the groundbreaking…

  • DJ Paul (American rap-music producer)
  • DJ Shadow (American musician)

    trip-hop: The notable exception is DJ Shadow (byname of Josh Davis; b. Jan. 1, 1973, Hayward, Calif., U.S.), an American, who honed his version of trip-hop in northern California. A hip-hop fan disillusioned by rap’s commercialization, Shadow created emotionally evocative song suites such as “In/Flux” (1993), “Lost and Found” (1994),…

  • Dja Faunal Reserve (nature reserve, Cameroon)

    Abong Mbang: The Dja Faunal Reserve—which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1987—is located to the south and is a tourist attraction. Pop. (2005) 15,663.

  • Dja River (river, Africa)

    Dja River, river in west-central Africa that forms part of the border between Cameroon and the Republic of the Congo. It rises southeast of Abong Mbang, in southeastern Cameroon, and flows generally southeast past Moloundou to Ouesso, Republic of the Congo, where it empties into the Sangha River (a

  • Djaferin Islands (islands, Spain)

    Chafarinas Islands, three small rocky islets of the Spanish exclave of Melilla, located off northeastern Morocco, 7 miles (11 km) northwest of the mouth of the Oued Moulouya. They are probably the tres insulae (“three islands”) of the 3rd-century Roman roadbook Itinerarium Antonini and have been

  • Djailolo (island, Indonesia)

    Halmahera, largest island of the Moluccas, in Indonesia; administratively, it is part of the propinsi (or provinsi; province) of North Maluku (Maluku Utara). The island, located between the Molucca Sea (west) and the Pacific Ocean (east), consists of four peninsulas enclosing three great bays

  • Djajapura (Indonesia)

    Jayapura, city and capital of Papua propinsi (or provinsi; province), eastern Indonesia, on the northern coast of the island of New Guinea. It is a port on Yos Sudarso (Humboldt) Bay at the foot of Mount Cycloop (7,087 feet [2,160 metres]). During World War II the Japanese established an air base

  • Djajawidjaja, Pegunungan (mountains, Indonesia)

    Jayawijaya Mountains, eastern section of the Maoke Mountains, part of the central highlands of the island of New Guinea. Located in the Indonesian province of Papua, the range extends for 230 miles (370 km) east of the Sudirman Range to the Star Mountains and the border with Papua New Guinea. The

  • Djakarta (national capital, Indonesia)

    Jakarta, largest city and capital of Indonesia. Jakarta lies on the northwest coast of Java at the mouth of the Ciliwung (Liwung River), on Jakarta Bay (an embayment of the Java Sea). It is coextensive with the metropolitan district of Greater Jakarta (Jakarta Raya) and nearly coextensive with the

  • Djambi (Indonesia)

    Indonesia: The maritime influence: …the neighbouring estuary town of Jambi, on the Batanghari River, which was probably controlled by the Minangkabau people of the island’s west-central interior. With the decline of the tributary trade with China, a number of harbours in the region became centres of international trade. Malayu-Jambi never had the opportunity to…

  • Djambi (province, Indonesia)

    Jambi, kotamadya (municipality) and propinsi (or provinsi; province), southeastern Sumatra, Indonesia. The province is bounded by the province of Riau to the north, by the Strait of Berhala to the east, and by the provinces of South Sumatra (Sumatera Selatan) and Bengkulu to the south and West

  • Djamileh (work by Bizet)

    Georges Bizet: …brilliantly exemplified in the one-act Djamileh (1872), original enough to be accused of “exceeding even Richard Wagner in bizarrerie and strangeness”; and the second in the incidental music for Alphonse Daudet’s play L’Arlésienne (1872), which is marked by a delicacy and tenderness quite new to his music. Besides the happiness…

  • Djanggawul song cycle (Australian Aboriginal mythology)

    Australian literature: Aboriginal narrative: the oral tradition: The Djanggawul song cycle recounts in 188 songs the journey of three ancestral beings, a Brother and Two Sisters, in the Millingimbi region. Those Ancestors created all that territory. Water holes become sacred because there they created the people of a particular totem or there an…

  • Django Unchained (film by Tarantino [2012])

    Leonardo DiCaprio: In Quentin Tarantino’s Django Unchained (2012), DiCaprio chewed the scenery as a slave-driving plantation owner in antebellum Mississippi. He then appeared in another grandiose role—the title character in Luhrmann’s glitzy 2013 adaptation of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. That role was echoed in his bombastic turn as…

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