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  • Dhírfis Mountain (mountain, Euboea, Greece)

    Euboea: …centre of the island rises Dhírfis Mountain (5,715 feet [1,742 metres]), while in the south óchi Mountain reaches 4,587 feet (1,398 metres). The east coast is rocky and harbourless; in ancient times the main traffic from the north Aegean to Athens used the inshore channels because of the hazards of…

  • Dhivehi language

    Maldives: People: …is an Indo-European language called Dhivehi (or Maldivian); Arabic, Hindi, and English are also spoken. Islam is the state religion.

  • DHKP/C (terrorist group, Turkey)

    Revolutionary People’s Liberation Party/Front, left-wing Marxist-Leninist terrorist group in Turkey, formed in 1978 as an offshoot of the Turkish People’s Liberation Party/Front, that is strongly anti-United States and anti-NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization). In the 1990s, Dev Sol (renamed

  • Dhlakama, Afonso (Mozambican guerrilla leader)

    Mozambique: Peace in Mozambique: Renamo’s leader, Afonso Dhlakama, met with international political leaders and was accepted as a presidential candidate. During the election campaign the United Nations provided military and civilian police, who supervised the activities of their Mozambican counterparts, while the European Union supplied election materials. Although Frelimo and Renamo…

  • Dhlamini (people)

    Eswatini: Ethnic groups: …of the largest clan, the Dlamini. The amalgamation brought together clans already living in the area that is now Eswatini, many of whom were of Sotho origin, and clans of Nguni origin who entered the country with the Dlamini in the early 19th century. Traditional administration and culture are regulated…

  • Dhlomo, R. R. R. (African writer)

    R. R. R. Dhlomo, African novelist, journalist, and editor who wrote in Zulu and English. His An African Tragedy (1928) was the first novel in English by a Zulu writer. Dhlomo attended the Ohlange Institute in his hometown and then earned a teacher’s certificate from Adams College at nearby

  • Dhlomo, Rolfus Reginald Raymond (African writer)

    R. R. R. Dhlomo, African novelist, journalist, and editor who wrote in Zulu and English. His An African Tragedy (1928) was the first novel in English by a Zulu writer. Dhlomo attended the Ohlange Institute in his hometown and then earned a teacher’s certificate from Adams College at nearby

  • dhobi nut (plant)

    Sapindales: Anacardiaceae: Semecarpus anacardium (dhobi nut) has young fruits with a black resin that is insoluble in water and is used as a marking ink in Southeast Asia.

  • Dhodhekánisos (islands, Greece)

    Dodecanese, group of islands in the Aegean Sea, off the southwestern coast of Turkey in southeastern Greece. The islands constituted a nomós (department) until 2011, when local government in Greece was reorganized and the islands were divided among four new perifereiakés enótites (regional units)

  • Dhofar (region, Oman)

    Dhofar, historical region in southern Oman, extending from Cape Al-Sharbatāt on the coast of the Arabian Sea southwestward to the Oman-Yemen border. The region’s northern boundary has never been defined, but generally included in the territory is the Wadi Mughshin, located about 150 miles (240 km)

  • Dhoinine, Ikililou (president of Comoros)

    Ahmed Abdallah Sambi: Sambi’s vice president, Ikililou Dhoinine, was declared the winner; he took office in May 2011.

  • Dh?iránis (lake, southern Europe)

    North Macedonia: Drainage: …of this basin drain into Lake Doiran (Macedonian: Dojran) and into the Aegean via the Strumica and Struma rivers. The remainder of North Macedonia drains northward via the Crni Drim River toward the Adriatic Sea.

  • Dhok (Iraq)

    Dahūk, city, capital of Dahūk mu?āfa?ah (governorate), northern Iraq, lying near the northern end of the Tigris River valley. The area in which it is situated is unsuitable for cultivation but is good for fruit orchards and pasturage. Dahūk has a fruit-canning plant and a textile mill. It was a

  • Dhok Pathan Zone (geology)

    primate: Pleistocene: …an enormous jaw in the Dhok Pathan deposits of the Siwālik Hills of India, from the earliest Pliocene, has provided a respectably long period of existence for this aberrant giant-toothed hominoid genus. Clearly, Gigantopithecus was a member of the Hominidae related to the orangutan, with divergent dental specializations that were…

  • Dhokhi apso (breed of dog)

    Tibetan terrier, breed of nonsporting dog that originated in Tibet to aid shepherds. It was believed to bring luck to its owner. The name terrier was adopted in reference to the dog’s size; unlike other dogs called terriers it was not bred to dig for game. Its profuse double coat is very thick and

  • dhol (musical instrument)

    bhangra: …to the beat of a dhol (double-headed drum). Struck with a heavy beater on one end and with a lighter stick on the other, the dhol imbued the music with a syncopated (accents on the weak beats), swinging rhythmic character that has generally remained the hallmark of any music that…

  • Dhola (Hinduism)

    Dhola, oral epic that is sung in various Hindi dialects in honour of the goddess Shakti and is performed in the western portion of Uttar Pradesh, as well as in parts of Rajasthan, Punjab, and Madhya Pradesh. Two major themes run through Dhola: the use of Shakta subjects and the incorporation and

  • dhola (hat)

    Yemen: Daily life and social customs: …a broad-brimmed straw hat (dhola) to ward off the sun.

  • dholak (musical instrument)

    bhangra: …by the similar yet smaller dholak, played with the hands; various local instruments—such as the flute, zither, fiddle, harmonium (a portable, hand-pumped organ), and tabla (pair of single-headed drums)—were added to the accompaniment; and the topics of the song texts broadened from agricultural themes to include literary, romantic, and subtly…

  • Dholavira (archaeological site, India)

    India: Other important sites: Also in Kachchh is Dholavira, which appears to be among the largest Harappan settlements so far identified; a nine-year excavation at the site completed in 2001 yielded a walled Indus valley city that dated to the mid-3rd millennium bce and covered some 3.5 acres (1.4 hectares). The Archaeological Survey…

  • dhole (canine)

    Dhole, (Cuon alpinus), wild Asian carnivore of the dog family (Canidae), found in central and southeastern wooded areas and distinguished structurally by the lack of one pair of lower molars. Its length ranges between 76 and 100 cm (30 and 40 inches), exclusive of the 28–48-centimetre (11–19-inch)

  • Dholpur (India)

    Dhaulpur, city, eastern Rajasthan state, northwestern India. It is situated just north of the Chambal River, about 30 miles (48 km) south-southeast of Agra (Uttar Pradesh). The original town was founded by Raja Dholan Deo in the 11th century, when it was called Dhawalpur, a name since contracted to

  • Dhondu Pant (Indian rebel)

    Nana Sahib, a prominent leader in the Indian Mutiny of 1857–58. Although he did not plan the outbreak, he assumed leadership of the sepoys (British-employed Indian soldiers). Adopted in 1827 by Baji Rao II, the last Maratha peshwa (ruler), Nana Sahib was educated as a Hindu nobleman. On the death

  • Dh?ne, Illiam (English politician)

    William Christian, Manx politician regarded in some circles as a patriot martyr. Christian was the third son of Ewan Christian, one of the deemsters (judges) of the Isle of Man. In 1648 Christian was appointed to the post of receiver general by the 7th Earl of Derby, lord of the Isle of Man. In

  • Dhoni, M. S. (Indian cricketer)

    Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Indian cricketer whose rise to prominence in the early 21st century culminated in his captaincy of the Indian national team that won the one-day Cricket World Cup in 2011. Dhoni made his international debut in 2004. His talent with the bat came to the fore in an innings of 148

  • Dhoni, Mahendra Singh (Indian cricketer)

    Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Indian cricketer whose rise to prominence in the early 21st century culminated in his captaincy of the Indian national team that won the one-day Cricket World Cup in 2011. Dhoni made his international debut in 2004. His talent with the bat came to the fore in an innings of 148

  • Dhool ka phool (film by Chopra [1959])

    Yash Chopra: His directorial debut, Dhool ka phool (1959; “Flowers of the Dust”), a social drama that treated the birth of a child out of wedlock, was enormously popular. He followed it with Dharmputra (1961), a film adaptation of a novel about the pre-partition period of India’s history. His next…

  • dhoti (Hindu dress)

    Dhoti, long loincloth traditionally worn in southern Asia by Hindu men. Wrapped around the hips and thighs with one end brought between the legs and tucked into the waistband, the dhoti resembles baggy, knee- length trousers. The lightweight cotton fabric, also called dhoti, that is used for the

  • dhoum nut

    Doum nut, the nut of the doum palm (Hyphaene thebaica), native to Upper Egypt, Sudan, South Sudan, Kenya, and Tanzania. Also called the gingerbread palm, the 15.2-metre (50-foot) tree has a slender trunk and smooth branches, each tipped with a rosette of small, stiff, green, fanlike leaves. The

  • dhow (Arab sailing vessel)

    Dhow, one- or two-masted Arab sailing vessel, usually with lateen rigging (slanting, triangular sails), common in the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean. On the larger types, called baggalas and booms, the mainsail is considerably bigger than the mizzensail. Bows are sharp, with a forward and upward

  • Dhritarashtra (Hindu legendary figure)

    Mahabharata: …cousins, the Kauravas (sons of Dhritarashtra, the descendant of Kuru) and the Pandavas (sons of Pandu). The poem is made up of almost 100,000 couplets—about seven times the length of the Iliad and the Odyssey combined—divided into 18 parvans, or sections, plus a supplement titled Harivamsha (“Genealogy of the God…

  • Dh?tarā??ra (Hindu and Buddhist mythology)

    lokapāla: The other Buddhist lokapālas are Dh?tarā??ra (east), Virū?haka (south), and Virūpāk?a (west).

  • dhrupad (Indian music)

    Dhrupad, in Hindustani music, ancient vocal musical form in four parts preceded by extensive introductory improvisation (alapa) and expanded by rhythmic and melodic elaborations. It is related to the shorter, later khayal, which has somewhat eclipsed the dhrupad in popularity. The classical

  • Dhruva I (Rashtrakuta king)

    India: The tripartite struggle: The Rashtrakuta king Dhruva (reigned c. 780–793) attacked each in turn and claimed to have defeated them. This initiated a lengthy tripartite struggle. Dharmapala soon retook Kannauj and put his nominee on the throne. The Rashtrakutas were preoccupied with problems in the south. Vatsaraja’s successor, Nagabhata II (reigned…

  • dhruvapada (Indian music)

    Dhrupad, in Hindustani music, ancient vocal musical form in four parts preceded by extensive introductory improvisation (alapa) and expanded by rhythmic and melodic elaborations. It is related to the shorter, later khayal, which has somewhat eclipsed the dhrupad in popularity. The classical

  • DHS (United States government)

    United States Department of Homeland Security, executive division of the U.S. federal government responsible for safeguarding the country against terrorist attacks and ensuring preparedness for natural disasters and other emergencies. In the wake of the September 11 attacks in 2001, Pres. George W.

  • Dhū al-faqār (weapon)

    Dhū al-faqār, in Islāmic mythology, the two-pointed magical sword that has come to represent ?Alī, fourth caliph and son-in-law of Mu?ammad. Originally owned by an unbeliever, al-?ā? ibn Munabbih, Dhū al-faqār came into Mu?ammad’s possession as booty from the Battle of Badr (624). He in turn

  • Dhū al-Fiqār Khan (Mughal leader)

    India: Cracks in the core: His principal opponent was ?ulfiqār Khan (Dhū al-Fiqār Khan), a powerful Iranian noble, who was the chief bakhshī of the empire and the viceroy of the Deccan. ?ulfiqār negotiated an unusual agreement allying the three other princes against ?A?īm al-Shān and setting forth a partitioned, jointly ruled empire with…

  • Dhū al-?ijjah (month)

    Muslim calendar: …long except for the 12th, Dhū al-?ijjah, the length of which is varied in a 30-year cycle intended to keep the calendar in step with the true phases of the moon. In 11 years of this cycle, Dhū al-?ijjah has 30 days, and in the other 19 years it has…

  • Dhū al-Qadr (historical principality, Turkey)

    Selim I: Selim’s subjugation of the Dulkadir (Dhū al-Qadr) principality of Elbistan (now in Turkey) brought the Ottomans into conflict with the Mamlūk rulers of Syria and Egypt, who regarded Dulkadir as their protégé. Selim defeated the Mamlūk armies at the battles of Marj Dābiq (north of Aleppo; Aug. 24, 1516)…

  • Dhū an-Nūn (Turkmen ruler)

    Dānishmend dynasty: …ad-Dawlah in Malatya-Elbistan—and his son Dhū an-Nūn in Kayseri. After Ya?ibasan’s death (1164), the Seljuq sultan Q?l?j Arslan II intervened repeatedly in the affairs of the Sivas and Kayseri branches and finally invaded Dānishmend territory; but he was stopped by Dhū an-Nūn’s father-in-law, Nureddin of Mosul. Nureddin died in 1174,…

  • Dhū an-Nūnid dynasty (Berber dynasty)

    Dhū an-Nūnid Dynasty, 11th-century Muslim Berber dynasty of Toledo that ruled central Spain from Guadalajara and Talavera to Murcia during the unruly period of the party kingdoms (?ā?ifahs). As early as the mid-8th century the Banū Zannūn—their name was later Arabicized—had settled northeast of

  • Dhū Nuwās (?imyarite king)

    Arabian religion: South Arabia: About ad 523 Yūsuf As?ar Yath?ar (nicknamed Dhū Nuwās by the Muslim tradition), a ?imyarite king of Jewish faith, persecuted and killed numerous monophysite Christians in Najrān on the northern frontier of Yemen. He also killed Byzantine merchants elsewhere in his kingdom. Outraged by the massacre and pressed…

  • Dhu-Samawi (Arabian deity)

    Arabian religion: South Arabia: …gods worshiped in South Arabia, Dhū-Samāwī (“the Heavenly One”), was presented by Bedouin tribes with votive statuettes of camels to ensure the well-being of their herds. Kāhil, the national god of the central Arabian kingdom of Qa??ān in Qaryat al-Fa?w, was assimilated there to Dhū-Samāwī. He was also known in…

  • Dhubri (India)

    Dhuburi, town, western Assam state, northeastern India. It is situated on the Brahmaputra River, just east of the Bangladesh border. Dhuburi is a trade centre for rice, jute, fish, and other products. A match factory is the major industry. The town has road and rail connections with neighbouring

  • Dhuburi (India)

    Dhuburi, town, western Assam state, northeastern India. It is situated on the Brahmaputra River, just east of the Bangladesh border. Dhuburi is a trade centre for rice, jute, fish, and other products. A match factory is the major industry. The town has road and rail connections with neighbouring

  • Dhufar (region, Oman)

    Dhofar, historical region in southern Oman, extending from Cape Al-Sharbatāt on the coast of the Arabian Sea southwestward to the Oman-Yemen border. The region’s northern boundary has never been defined, but generally included in the territory is the Wadi Mughshin, located about 150 miles (240 km)

  • Dhukha (people)

    Mongolia: Agriculture, forestry, and fishing: The Tsaatan keep small herds of reindeer in the northern part of the country.

  • Dhule (India)

    Dhule, city, northwestern Maharashtra state, western India. It is located in an upland region on major road and rail routes. In early Muslim times it belonged to the Faruquis, but later, in 1601, it became part of the Mughal Empire. It was conquered by the Marathas in the 18th century and ceded to

  • Dhulia (India)

    Dhule, city, northwestern Maharashtra state, western India. It is located in an upland region on major road and rail routes. In early Muslim times it belonged to the Faruquis, but later, in 1601, it became part of the Mughal Empire. It was conquered by the Marathas in the 18th century and ceded to

  • dhun (music)

    South Asian arts: South India: …instrumental compositions, called gat and dhun. The emphasis on the composition varies in the different forms of song and, to some extent, in the interpretation of the performer. In South Indian music the composed piece is generally emphasized more than in the North. Much of the South Indian repertoire of…

  • Dhún Laoghaire–Ráth ah Dúin (county, Ireland)

    Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown, county in the province of Leinster, eastern Ireland. The county of Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown was created in 1994 when the geographic county of Dublin was split administratively into three separate units. It now constitutes the southern component of the Greater Dublin

  • ?hundhārī language (Rasjasthani dialect)

    Rajasthan: Population composition: …are Marwari in western Rajasthan, Jaipuri or Dhundhari in the east and southeast, Malvi in the southeast, and in the northeast Mewati, which shades off into Braj Bhasa (a Hindi dialect) toward the border with Uttar Pradesh.

  • Dhu??hīā (Jain sect)

    Sthanakavasi, (Sanskrit: “meetinghouse-dweller”) a modern subsect of the Shvetambara (“White-robed”) sect of Jainism, a religion of India. The group is also sometimes called the Dhundhia (Sanskrit: “searchers”). The Sthanakavasi, whose name refers to the subsect’s preference for performing

  • Dhūpgarh Peak (mountain, India)

    Madhya Pradesh: Relief: The Dhupgarh Peak (4,429 feet [1,350 metres]), near Pachmarhi in south-central Madhya Pradesh, is the state’s highest point. Northwest of the Vindhya Range is the Malwa Plateau (1,650 to 2,000 feet [500 to 600 metres]). Other features include the Rewa Plateau, in the rugged eastern region…

  • dhvaja (Brahmanism)

    ceremonial object: Protective devices and markers of sacredness: The standard (dhvaja) in the Brahmanic cults takes on the appearance of a high column (dhvaja-stambha) erected in front of temples and is surmounted by a divine effigy, most often that of the sacred steed, or vahana, of the god. Simultaneously a signal (because of its height)…

  • dhyal (bird)

    Dyal, popular species of magpie-robin

  • dhyana (Buddhism)

    Dhyāna, in Indian philosophy, a stage in the process of meditation leading to Nirvā?a. See Buddhist

  • Dhyani-Buddha (Buddhism)

    Dhyani-Buddha, in Mahayana Buddhism, and particularly in Vajrayana (Tantric) Buddhism, any of a group of five “self-born” celestial buddhas who have always existed from the beginning of time. The five are usually identified as Vairochana, Akshobhya, Ratnasambhava, Amitabha, and Amoghasiddhi.

  • Di (Chinese deity)

    Shangdi, (Chinese: “Lord-on-High”) ancient Chinese deity, the greatest ancestor and deity who controlled victory in battle, harvest, the fate of the capital, and the weather. He had no cultic following, however, and was probably considered too distant and inscrutable to be influenced by mortals.

  • Di (mineral)

    Diopside, common silicate mineral in the pyroxene family that occurs in metamorphosed siliceous limestones and dolomites and in skarns (contact-metamorphic rocks rich in iron); it is also found in small amounts in many chondrite meteorites. Clear specimens of good green colour are sometimes cut as

  • di (musical instrument)

    Di, in music, transverse (or side-blown) bamboo flute of the Han Chinese. Traditional di have a membrane of bamboo or reed tissue covering the hole that is located between the mouth hole and the six finger holes. This membrane creates a distinctive sound characteristic of much Chinese flute music.

  • Di Biasi, Klaus (Italian athlete)

    Klaus Dibiasi, Austrian-born Italian diver who dominated the platform event from the late 1960s to the mid-1970s, winning three Olympic gold medals. He was the first Italian to win a gold medal in a swimming or diving event. Dibiasi was coached by his father, Carlo Dibiasi, the Italian springboard

  • Di Centa, Manuela (Italian skier)

    Manuela Di Centa, Italian Nordic skier who was the only athlete to win five Olympic medals in cross-country skiing at a single Winter Games (1994). A dominant force on the international level, she also won 15 World Cup events and 2 overall titles (1994 and 1996). A child prodigy, Di Centa was a

  • Di Giuseppe, Enrico (American singer)

    Enrico Di Giuseppe, American operatic tenor (born Oct. 14, 1932, Philadelphia, Pa.—died Dec. 31, 2005, Voorhees, N.J.), was known for the broad range of his voice and his flexibility in playing a range of stage heroes. He sang at the Metropolitan Opera with Martina Arroyo in Giacomo Puccini’s M

  • Di Indigetes (Roman religion)

    Roman religion: The earliest divinities: Di Indigetes was a name given collectively to these forebears, as well as to other deified powers or spirits who likewise controlled the destiny of Rome. For example, the name Indiges is applied to Aeneas, whose mythical immigration from Troy led to the eventual foundation of…

  • Di Indigites (Roman religion)

    Roman religion: The earliest divinities: Di Indigetes was a name given collectively to these forebears, as well as to other deified powers or spirits who likewise controlled the destiny of Rome. For example, the name Indiges is applied to Aeneas, whose mythical immigration from Troy led to the eventual foundation of…

  • Di Linh Plateau (plateau, Vietnam)

    Vietnam: Relief: …the Da Lat area, the Di Linh Plateau is about 4,900 feet (1,500 metres).

  • Di Maio, Luigi (Italian politician)

    Italy: The victory of populist parties: …Salvini and Five Star leader Luigi Di Maio proceeded, there emerged the possibility of a Euroskeptic, left and right populist coalition that EU officials dubbed the “nightmare scenario.”

  • Di Manes (Roman religion)

    Roman religion: The earliest divinities: The Di Manes, collective powers (later “spirits”) of the dead, may mean “the good people,” an anxious euphemism like the Greek name of “the kindly ones” for the Furies. As a member of the family or clan, however, the dead man or woman would, more specifically, be…

  • Di Melfi, Giuseppe (American boxer)

    Jimmy Wilde: …fought the American flyweight champion, Young Zulu Kid (Giuseppe Di Melfi), on Dec. 18, 1916. With his 11th-round knockout, Wilde became the first world flyweight champion, a title that he held until he was knocked out in the seventh round by Pancho Villa of the Philippines on June 18, 1923.…

  • Di Palma, Carlo (Italian cinematographer)

    Carlo Di Palma, Italian cinematographer (born April 17, 1925, Rome, Italy—died July 9, 2004, Rome), created masterful illusions of lighting and colour in order to portray an altered sense of reality in his films. He first gained international recognition for his work as director of photography on M

  • Di Parentes (Roman religion)

    Roman religion: The earliest divinities: …be one of the Di Parentes; reverence for ancestors was the core of Roman religious and social life. Di Indigetes was a name given collectively to these forebears, as well as to other deified powers or spirits who likewise controlled the destiny of Rome. For example, the name Indiges is…

  • Di Penates (Roman deities)

    Penates, household gods of the Romans and other Latin peoples. In the narrow sense, they were gods of the penus (“household provision”), but by extension their protection reached the entire household. They are associated with other deities of the house, such as Vesta, and the name was sometimes

  • Di Pietro, Antonio (Italian jurist and politician)

    Antonio Di Pietro, Italian jurist and politician who uncovered a wide-ranging government corruption scandal that led to the prosecution of some of Italy’s top business executives and politicians during the late 20th century. Di Pietro was raised in modest circumstances and served a brief stint in

  • di Prima, Diane (American poet)

    Diane di Prima, American poet, one of the few women of the Beat movement to attain prominence. After attending Swarthmore (Pa.) College (1951–53), di Prima moved to New York City’s Greenwich Village, living the bohemian lifestyle that typified the Beat movement. Her first book of poetry, This Kind

  • di Ridolfo, Roberto (Italian conspirator)

    Roberto Ridolfi, Florentine conspirator who attempted in 1570–71 to overthrow Queen Elizabeth I of England in favour of Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots, who then was to be married to Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk. Ridolfi intended to secure these results by the murder of Elizabeth and a Spanish

  • Di Rupo, Elio (prime minister of Belgium)

    Belgium: Federalized Belgium: …Socialists took shape, with Socialist Elio Di Rupo at its head. A career politician, Di Rupo had built a reputation as a talented negotiator. He was sworn in on December 6, 2011, becoming Belgium’s first Socialist prime minister since 1974, its first Francophone prime minister in more than three decades,…

  • Di Stéfano, Alfredo (Argentine-born athlete)

    Alfredo Di Stéfano, Argentine-born football (soccer) player and manager, regarded as one of the greatest centre forwards in football history. His reputation was based largely on his performance for the Spanish club Real Madrid (1953–64), for which he was an intelligent player with exceptional

  • Di Stefano, Giuseppe (Italian lyric tenor)

    Giuseppe Di Stefano, Italian lyric tenor (born July 24, 1921, Motta Santa Anastasia, Sicily, Italy—died March 3, 2008, Santa Maria Hoè, Italy), was hailed as one of the finest operatic tenors of his generation. Di Stefano was admired for the warmth of his voice and for his bravura stage presence in

  • di Tiro, Hasan (Indonesian rebel leader)

    Hasan di Tiro, Indonesian rebel leader (born Sept. 25, 1925, Aceh province, Indon.—died June 3, 2010, Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indon.), founded (1976) the separatist Free Aceh Movement (GAM) in the Indonesian province of Aceh, which fought the Jakarta government for more than three decades. Di Tiro

  • Di Ya (Chinese mythology)

    Wendi: … (Heavenly Deaf One), the other Di Ya (Earthly Mute). The names suggest that Wendi must turn a deaf ear to those who inquire about the secrets of literature, for such a topic necessarily leaves one speechless.

  • DIA (airport, Denver, Colorado, United States)

    Colorado: Transportation and telecommunications: Denver International Airport is a major hub in the country’s air traffic pattern. It is served by almost all major U.S. airlines; carriers link Denver with other Colorado cities, with neighbouring states, and with international destinations. Railroad lines in Colorado are mainly bulk-freight carriers using…

  • Dia (Greek goddess)

    Hebe, (from Greek hēbē, “young maturity,” or “bloom of youth”), daughter of Zeus, the chief god, and his wife Hera. In Homer this princess was a divine domestic, appearing most often as cupbearer to the gods. As the goddess of youth, she was generally worshiped along with her mother, of whom she

  • DIA (United States government)

    Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), the primary gatherer and producer of military intelligence in the United States. It was established on October 1, 1961, by direction of the U.S. secretary of defense to act as the central intelligence manager for the Department of Defense and to support the

  • Dia Art Foundation (American arts organization)

    Dia Art Foundation, multidisciplinary contemporary arts organization based in New York, New York, U.S. The nonprofit foundation fosters art projects and houses art installations at various locations in the United States. Its name is derived from the Greek word meaning “through” and indicates the

  • Día de la Raza (holiday)

    Mexico: Holidays and festivals: …12) is celebrated as the Día de la Raza (“Race Day”) in recognition of the mixed indigenous and European heritage of Mexico—the mestizo character of its population—and because many Mexicans object to paying homage to the controversial explorer and conqueror Christopher Columbus. Labour Day (May 1) in Mexico is part…

  • Día de los Muertos (holiday)

    Day of the Dead, holiday in Mexico, also observed to a lesser extent in other areas of Latin America and in the United States, honouring dead loved ones and making peace with the eventuality of death by treating it familiarly, without fear and dread. The holiday is derived from the rituals of the

  • día normal, Un (album by Juanes)

    Juanes: …album, the bright and energetic Un día normal (“A Normal Day”), which included the chart-topping songs “A Dios le pido” (“I Ask God”), an anthem for peace, and “Fotografia” (“Photograph”), a duet with Canadian pop singer Nelly Furtado. Un día normal won five awards at the 2003 Latin Grammys, including…

  • Diá, El (Uruguayan newspaper)

    José Batlle y Ordó?ez: …when he founded the newspaper El Día. Shortly thereafter he joined the Colorado Party, one of the two ruling political parties of Uruguay, and in 1890 he started work to transform his party into a nationwide democratic political organization. He was elected to the Uruguayan Chamber of Deputies in 1893…

  • Dia, Mamadou Moustapha (prime minister of Senegal)

    Mamadou Moustapha Dia, Senegalese politician (born July 18, 1910, Khombole, Senegal—died Jan. 25, 2009, Dakar, Senegal), was a protégé of Léopold Sédar Senghor and served (1959–62) as the first prime minister of Senegal. Dia, a Muslim, studied at the William Ponty School and worked as a teacher and

  • Dia:Beacon (museum, Beacon, New York, United States)

    Dia Art Foundation: The museum, known as Dia:Beacon, houses the centre’s major collection, which focuses on works from the 1960s to the present. The space is on the banks of the Hudson River, and the galleries are named after Louise and Leonard Riggio, major benefactors to the centre. The expansive building was…

  • diabase (rock)

    Diabase, fine- to medium-grained, dark gray to black intrusive igneous rock. It is extremely hard and tough and is commonly quarried for crushed stone, under the name of trap. Although not popular, it makes an excellent monumental stone and is one of the dark-coloured rocks commercially known as

  • diabasic texture (geology)

    diabase: …the characteristic texture known as diabasic or ophitic. The larger pyroxene grains may completely enclose plagioclase; but as the quantity of the latter increases, pyroxene appears more interstitial.

  • Diabelli Variations, Op. 120 (work by Beethoven)

    Diabelli Variations, Op. 120, group of musical variations for solo piano by Ludwig van Beethoven, completed in 1823 and considered one of his monumental works for the instrument. By manipulating tempi, dynamics, and themes and by adding ornamentation, parodic elements, and references to the works

  • Diabelli, Anton (Austrian composer and publisher)

    Anton Diabelli, Austrian music publisher and composer best known for his waltz, or L?ndler, on which Ludwig van Beethoven wrote his 33 variations for piano (Diabelli Variations, 1823). Diabelli intended to enter the priesthood and entered the monastery at Raitenhaslach, where his studies were

  • diabetes (medical disorder)

    Diabetes, either of two disorders of the endocrine system. For information about the disorder caused by the body’s inability to produce or respond to insulin and characterized by abnormal glucose levels in the blood, see diabetes mellitus. For information about the disorder characterized by

  • diabetes insipidus (medical disorder)

    Diabetes insipidus, pathological endocrine condition characterized by excessive thirst and excessive production of very dilute urine. The disorder is caused by a lack of antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin) or a blocking of its action. This hormone, produced by the hypothalamus, regulates the

  • diabetes mellitus (medical disorder)

    Diabetes mellitus, disorder of carbohydrate metabolism characterized by impaired ability of the body to produce or respond to insulin and thereby maintain proper levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Diabetes is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, though these outcomes are not due to the

  • diabetic glomerulosclerosis (medical disorder)

    Diabetic nephropathy, deterioration of kidney function occurring as a complication of diabetes mellitus. The condition is characterized primarily by increased urinary excretion of the protein albumin, increased blood pressure, and reduced glomerular filtration rate (the average rate at which wastes

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