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  • Dennstaedtiaceae (fern family)

    Dennstaedtiaceae, the bracken family (order Polypodiales), containing 10 genera and about 250 species of ferns. Dennstaedtiaceae is distributed nearly worldwide; although the family is most diverse in tropical regions, it is well represented in temperate floras. Most species are terrestrial, but

  • Denny, A. S. (American inventor)

    calliope: Denny and patented in 1855 by Joshua C. Stoddard.

  • Denny, Frances Ann (American actress)

    Frances Ann Denny Drake, American actress who, with her extensive tours of the American West and her triumphs in New York City, was the leading actress on the American stage before the rise of Charlotte Cushman. Frances Ann Denny grew up in Albany, New York. In 1815 she joined a theatrical troupe

  • Denny, Martin (American bandleader)

    Martin Denny, American bandleader (born April 10, 1911, New York, N.Y.—died March 2, 2005, Hawaii Kai, near Honolulu, Hawaii), specialized in so-called exotica—music that combined jazz, Polynesian rhythms and instrumentation, and jungle sounds—which was popular in the 1950s and ’60s. The first of h

  • Denny, Reginald (American truck driver)

    Los Angeles Riots of 1992: …on a white truck driver, Reginald Denny, who was pulled from the cab of his vehicle, beaten, and smashed with a cinder block (he was rescued by people from the neighbourhood who had been watching the event unfold on television). That incident became one of the most enduring images of…

  • denomination (religion)

    United States: Religious groups: …this individualism, thousands of religious denominations thrive within the country. Only about one-sixth of religious adherents are not Christian, and, although Roman Catholicism is the largest single denomination (about one-fifth of the U.S. population), the many churches of Protestantism constitute the majority. Some are the products of native development—among them…

  • denominator (mathematics)

    arithmetic: Rational numbers: …number d is called the denominator (it determines the fractional unit or denomination), and n is called the numerator (it enumerates the number of fractional units that are taken). The numerator and denominator together are called the terms of the fraction. A positive fraction n/d is said to be proper…

  • Denon, Dominique Vivant, Baron (French artist)

    Dominique Vivant, Baron Denon, French artist, archaeologist, and museum official who played an important role in the development of the Louvre collection. Denon studied law in Paris but turned to the theatre, writing a successful comedy at age 23. He drew and painted and was commissioned by Louis

  • denotation (semantics)

    Denotation, a name is said to denote that thing or those things of which it is a name. The threatened circularity of this definition (the two italicized words are not easily defined except by means of one another) suggests that denotation is a basic concept, for which an axiomatic treatment may be

  • denotation (logic and semantics)

    intension and extension: extension, in logic, correlative words that indicate the reference of a term or concept: “intension” indicates the internal content of a term or concept that constitutes its formal definition; and “extension” indicates its range of applicability by naming the particular objects that it denotes. For…

  • denouement (narrative)

    Denouement, (French: “unknotting”) conclusion after the climax of a narrative in which the complexities of the plot are unraveled and the conflict is finally resolved. In the denouement of a traditionally structured plot, the villain may be exposed, the mystery explained, misunderstandings

  • Denpasar (Indonesia)

    Denpasar, city, capital of Bali propinsi (or provinsi; province), south-central Bali, Indonesia. It is situated about 40 miles (70 km) south of Singaraja. It is the largest city on the island of Bali, and it is the capital of the Badung kabupaten (regency). Denpasar was the site of a suicidal

  • dense granule (biochemistry)

    bleeding and blood clotting: Platelets and their aggregation: …granules: the alpha granules, the dense granules, and the lysosomes. Each of these granules is rich in certain chemicals that have an important role in platelet function. For example, dense granules contain large quantities of calcium ions and adenosine diphosphate (ADP). Upon release from the platelet, ADP stimulates other platelets…

  • dense linear ordering (mathematics)

    metalogic: Generalizations and extensions of the L?wenheim-Skolem theorem: …theory Td, for example, of dense linear ordering (such as that of the rational numbers) is categorical in the countable cardinality. One application of the L?wenheim-Skolem theorem is: If a theory has no finite models and is categorical in some infinite cardinality α, then the theory is complete; i.e., for…

  • dense overflow (oceanography)

    density current: Dense overflows and climate models: In the first decade of the 21st century, dense overflows emerged as important components of climate models, since it has been shown that climate models that include overflows produce different outcomes from those that do not. This result underscores the…

  • dense pack (warfare)

    fortification: Nuclear fortification: The proposal, called dense pack, would exploit this phenomenon by packing a large number of super-hardened ICBM silos closely together in a single location.

  • Denshawai Incident (Egyptian history)

    Dinshaway Incident, confrontation in 1906 between residents of the Egyptian village of Dinshaway (Dinshawāy) and British officers during the occupation of Egypt by Great Britain (1882–1952). Harsh exemplary punishments dealt to a number of villagers in the wake of the incident sparked an outcry

  • densification (matter)

    advanced ceramics: Densification: Like traditional ceramics, advanced ceramics are densified from powders by applying heat—a process known as sintering. Unlike traditional ceramics, however, advanced powders are not bonded by the particle-dissolving action of glassy liquids that appear at high temperatures. Instead, solid-state sintering predominates. In…

  • densitometer (instrument)

    Densitometer, device that measures the density, or the degree of darkening, of a photographic film or plate by recording photometrically its transparency (fraction of incident light transmitted). In visual methods, two beams of equal intensity are used. One is directed through the plate, while the

  • density (chemistry and physics)

    Density, mass of a unit volume of a material substance. The formula for density is d = M/V, where d is density, M is mass, and V is volume. Density is commonly expressed in units of grams per cubic centimetre. For example, the density of water is 1 gram per cubic centimetre, and Earth’s density is

  • density current (physics)

    Density current, any current in either a liquid or a gas that is kept in motion by the force of gravity acting on differences in density. A density difference can exist between two fluids because of a difference in temperature, salinity, or concentration of suspended sediment. Density currents in

  • density function (mathematics)

    Probability density function (PDF), in statistics, a function whose integral is calculated to find probabilities associated with a continuous random variable (see continuity; probability theory). Its graph is a curve above the horizontal axis that defines a total area, between itself and the axis,

  • density meter (instrument)

    chemical analysis: Density measurements: …instruments called density meters or pycnometers.

  • density wave (galactic structure)

    Milky Way Galaxy: The spiral arms: …dynamical effect known as a density-wave pattern. The American astronomers Chia-Chiao Lin and Frank H. Shu showed that a spiral shape is a natural result of any large-scale disturbance of the density distribution of stars in a galactic disk. When the interaction of the stars with one another is calculated,…

  • density-dependent factor (biology)

    population ecology: Factors affecting population fluctuation: …the size of populations into density-dependent and density-independent factors. Density-independent factors, such as weather and climate, exert their influences on population size regardless of the population’s density. In contrast, the effects of density-dependent factors intensify as the population increases in size. For example, some diseases spread faster in populations where…

  • density-functional theory (physics)

    Walter Kohn: …acknowledged his development of the density-functional theory, which made it possible to apply the complicated mathematics of quantum mechanics to the description and analysis of the chemical bonding between atoms.

  • density-gradient centrifuge (instrument)

    Matthew Stanley Meselson: (A new technique, density-gradient centrifugation, could be used to separate such molecules by weight.) On heating, this DNA separated into half heavy and half light strands. Meselson and Stahl concluded that the new DNA molecules were composed of one strand of each: the heavy inherited, the light newly…

  • density-independent factor (biology)

    population ecology: Factors affecting population fluctuation: …of populations into density-dependent and density-independent factors. Density-independent factors, such as weather and climate, exert their influences on population size regardless of the population’s density. In contrast, the effects of density-dependent factors intensify as the population increases in size. For example, some diseases spread faster in populations where individuals live…

  • density-wave theory (galactic structure)

    Milky Way Galaxy: The spiral arms: …dynamical effect known as a density-wave pattern. The American astronomers Chia-Chiao Lin and Frank H. Shu showed that a spiral shape is a natural result of any large-scale disturbance of the density distribution of stars in a galactic disk. When the interaction of the stars with one another is calculated,…

  • Densmore, Frances (American ethnologist)

    Frances Densmore, ethnologist, foremost American authority of her time on the songs and music of American Indian tribes, and widely published author on Indian culture and life-styles. After studying at the Oberlin Conservatory of Music, Densmore conducted research in Indian music for the Bureau of

  • Densmore, John (American musician)

    the Doors: ), and John Densmore (b. December 1, 1945, Los Angeles).

  • Densmores Peak (mountain, Alaska, United States)

    Denali, highest peak in North America. It is located near the centre of the Alaska Range, with two summits rising above the Denali Fault, in south-central Alaska, U.S. Denali’s official elevation figure of 20,310 feet (6,190 metres), established by the United States Geological Survey in September

  • Denso Wave (Japanese corporation)

    QR Code: …1994 by the Japanese corporation Denso Wave—a division of Denso, which is a subsidiary of the automobile company Toyota Motor Corporation—to track automobile parts during the assembly process. QR Codes are often used in advertising to encode the URL of a Web site that contains a coupon or information about…

  • Denson, William Dowdell (American lawyer)

    William Dowdell Denson, American lawyer who, as chief military prosecutor of Nazis accused of many of the most horrific of the atrocities committed in Germany at the Buchenwald, Mauthausen, Flossenberg, and Dachau concentration camps, was the most successful of the American prosecutors of World War

  • Densovirinae (virus subfamily)

    parvovirus: …Parvovirinae, which infect vertebrates, and Densovirinae, which infect insects. Type species of the Parvovirinae include minute virus of mice, human parvovirus, and Aleutian mink disease virus. Whereas many species of Parvovirinae replicate autonomously, the genus Dependovirus contains viruses that replicate only in the presence of helper adenoviruses or herpesviruses; these…

  • densovirus (virus subfamily)

    parvovirus: …Parvovirinae, which infect vertebrates, and Densovirinae, which infect insects. Type species of the Parvovirinae include minute virus of mice, human parvovirus, and Aleutian mink disease virus. Whereas many species of Parvovirinae replicate autonomously, the genus Dependovirus contains viruses that replicate only in the presence of helper adenoviruses or herpesviruses; these…

  • Densu?ianu, Ovid (Romanian author)

    Ovid Densu?ianu, folklorist, philologist, and poet who introduced trends of European modernism into Romanian literature. Educated at Ia?i and later in Berlin and Paris, Densu?ianu was appointed professor of Romance languages at the University of Bucharest. Strongly influenced by western European

  • dent corn (cereal)

    corn: …mainly on kernel texture, include dent corn, flint corn, flour corn, sweet corn, and popcorn. Dent corn is characterized by a depression in the crown of the kernel caused by unequal drying of the hard and soft starch making up the kernel. Flint corn, containing little soft starch, has no…

  • Dent, Edward John (British clockmaker)

    Edward John Dent, Englishman noted for his design and construction of fine and historically important precision clocks and chronometers. Dent was apprenticed to Edward Gaudin in 1807 and may also have learned something of the clock maker’s trade from his cousin Richard Rippon. During the period

  • Dent, Frederick Rippon (British clockmaker)

    Edward John Dent: Frederick Rippon Dent’s company finally installed Big Ben in 1859.

  • Dent, J. M. (English publisher)

    typography: Mechanical composition: …the periodical The Yellow Book; J.M. Dent, who commissioned Aubrey Beardsley to illustrate Malory and who used Kelmscott-inspired endpapers for his Everyman’s Library; Stone and Kimball of Chicago and Thomas Mosher of Maine, who issued small, readable editions of avant-garde writers with Art Nouveau

  • Dent, Julia Boggs (American first lady)

    Julia Grant, American first lady (1869–77), the wife of Ulysses S. Grant, 18th president of the United States and commander of the Union armies during the last years of the American Civil War. A popular first lady, she was noted for her informal manner and opulent entertaining. Daughter of

  • Dent, Lester (American writer)

    Doc Savage: …pulp magazine character created by Lester Dent for Street & Smith Publications in 1933. He is considered by many to be the first superhero.

  • dental assistant

    dental auxiliary: Dental assistant.: About 65 percent of all dental auxiliaries are dental assistants. Their duties vary according to the degree to which the dentist elects to delegate duties that do not require extensive professional knowledge. In general, the assistant is expected to prepare patients for dental…

  • dental auxiliary

    Dental auxiliary, person qualified by training and experience to perform dental work under the direction and supervision of a dentist. Some of these auxiliary persons work directly for the dentist in his own office; others work in a separate office or laboratory, where they perform services to the

  • dental caries (dental disease)

    Caries, cavity or decay of a tooth, a localized disease that begins at the surface of the tooth and may progress through the dentine into the pulp cavity. It is believed that the action of microorganisms in the mouth on ingested sugars and carbohydrates produces acids that eat away the enamel. The

  • dental ceramics (dentistry)

    bioceramics: Dental ceramics: Dental ceramic applications include resin-composite restorative materials, cementation agents, and fixed prostheses.

  • dental comb (tooth and zoology)

    primate: Teeth: This dental comb is composed of the lower canines and lower incisors compressed from side to side and slanted forward; the most specialized dental combs—seen, for example, in the fork-crowned lemur (genus Phaner) and the needle-clawed galago (genus Euoticus)—are used for scraping exudates off bark, but…

  • dental consonant (phonetics)

    Latin language: …f/ and probably /w/; a dental or alveolar series (produced with the tongue against the front teeth or the alveolar ridge behind the upper front teeth) /t d n s l/ and possibly /r/; a velar series (produced with the tongue approaching or contacting the velum or soft palate) /k…

  • dental continuant (phonetics)

    Semitic languages: The dental continuant or interdental sounds: In phonetic terms, the dental continuants (voiceless *th and voiced *dh) were probably pronounced like the initial sounds of English think and this, respectively. The emphatic *?h of early Semitic was probably an analogue to th pronounced as an ejective.

  • dental crown (tooth)

    tooth: A tooth consists of a crown and one or more roots. The crown is the functional part that is visible above the gum. The root is the unseen portion that supports and fastens the tooth in the jawbone. The root is attached to the tooth-bearing bone—the alveolar processes—of the jaws…

  • dental education

    dentistry: Europe: …out the training requirements for dental education in the member states. This has created no difficulties for most European countries, where dentistry has long been recognized as a specialty in its own right. The Council of European Dentists oversees the development and execution of policies and initiatives that influence dental…

  • dental hygienist

    dental auxiliary: …are three principal dental-auxiliary groups: dental hygienists, dental laboratory technicians, and dental assistants. Of the three groups, only dental hygienists are required to have university training.

  • dental implant

    dentistry: Implant dentistry: A dental implant is an artificial tooth root. It serves to attach artificial teeth to the underlying jawbone. Dental implants may be visualized as screws, and the jawbone may be considered a piece of wood. Under this analogy, a screw would be turned half its length…

  • dental insurance

    insurance: Types of policies: Dental insurance, usually sold on a group plan and sponsored by an employer, covers such dental services as fillings, crowns, extractions, bridgework, and dentures. Most policies contain relatively low annual limits of coverage, such as $2,500, as well as deductibles and coinsurance provisions. Some policies…

  • dental laboratory technician

    dental auxiliary: Dental laboratory technician.: A dental laboratory technician, upon receiving a prescription or work-authorization form from a licensed dentist, fabricates various appliances, such as full and partial dentures, crowns and bridges, and other prosthetic devices that the dentist uses in making restorations for the patient. The…

  • dental lamina (tooth)

    tooth germ: …a thin ectodermal layer, the dental lamina, overlying the mouth sides of the rudimentary upper and lower jawbones, proliferates to form two horseshoe-shaped structures corresponding to the future dental arcades (the tooth rows). Enamel organs, in the form of rounded swellings, develop in the dental lamina; each swelling is the…

  • dental mechanic

    dental auxiliary: Dental laboratory technician.: A dental laboratory technician, upon receiving a prescription or work-authorization form from a licensed dentist, fabricates various appliances, such as full and partial dentures, crowns and bridges, and other prosthetic devices that the dentist uses in making restorations for the patient. The…

  • dental medicine, doctor of (degree)

    dentistry: Dental school and training: ) or doctor of dental medicine (D.M.D.), both degrees being equivalent. The program of studies during the four-year course includes the following biological sciences: human anatomy, biochemistry, bacteriology, histology, pathology, pharmacology, microbiology, and

  • dental nurse

    dentistry: Dental nurses and dental auxiliaries: In New Zealand, auxiliaries known as dental nurses (or dental therapists) have been carrying out a dental care program for children for a number of years. Traditionally, a dental nurse receives minimal supervision but is equipped to provide a dental…

  • dental papilla

    tooth germ: …an adjacent mesodermal structure, the dental papilla. Unenclosed mesoderm of the dental papilla surrounds the enlarging enamel organ and forms a follicular sac. Together, enamel organ, dental papilla, and follicular sac constitute the tooth germ. After differentiation the enamel organ will have formed the enamel cap of the tooth crown;…

  • dental plaque (dental)

    tooth: Diseases of teeth and gums: …of a yellowish film called plaque on teeth, which tends to harbour bacteria. The bacteria that live on plaque ferment the sugar and starchy-food debris found there into acids that destroy the tooth’s enamel and dentine by removing the calcium and other minerals from them. Caries usually commences on surface…

  • dental surgery, doctor of (degree)

    dentistry: Dental school and training: …dentistry to qualify as a doctor of dental surgery (D.D.S.) or doctor of dental medicine (D.M.D.), both degrees being equivalent. The program of studies during the four-year course includes the following biological sciences: human anatomy, biochemistry, bacteriology, histology, pathology, pharmacology,

  • dental technician

    dental auxiliary: Dental laboratory technician.: A dental laboratory technician, upon receiving a prescription or work-authorization form from a licensed dentist, fabricates various appliances, such as full and partial dentures, crowns and bridges, and other prosthetic devices that the dentist uses in making restorations for the patient. The…

  • dental therapist

    dentistry: Dental nurses and dental auxiliaries: In New Zealand, auxiliaries known as dental nurses (or dental therapists) have been carrying out a dental care program for children for a number of years. Traditionally, a dental nurse receives minimal supervision but is equipped to provide a dental…

  • Dentalium (mollusk)

    Hupa: …ownership of woodpecker scalps and dentalium shells, the latter of which were probably received in trade from the Yurok. The village’s richest man was its headman; his power and his property passed to his son, but anyone who acquired more property might obtain the dignity and power of that office.…

  • Dentaria diphylla (plant species)
  • Dentatus, Manius Curius (Roman general)

    Manius Curius Dentatus, Roman general, conqueror of the Samnites and victor against Pyrrhus, king of Epirus. Dentatus was born into a plebeian family that was possibly Sabine in origin. As consul in 290 bc, he gained a decisive victory over the Samnites, thereby ending a war that had lasted 50

  • Dentellière, La (film by Goretta [1977])

    Isabelle Huppert: Early career and acclaim: In La Dentellière (The Lacemaker) her portrayal of Pomme, a young woman who suffers a nervous breakdown after being abandoned by her lover, earned Huppert the British Academy of Film and Television Arts Award as most promising newcomer. The following year she was named best actress at the…

  • Denticipitidae (fish family)

    clupeiform: Annotated classification: Family Denticipitidae (denticle herrings) The most primitive living clupeiform. Numerous dermal denticles present on head, on the dorsal part of the secondary pectoral girdle, and on the scales around the anterior end of the lateral line. Lateral line completely developed on the trunk. 1 living species,…

  • Denticipitoidei (fish suborder)

    clupeiform: Annotated classification: Suborder Denticipitoidei Caudal skeleton of extremely primitive type; small arches present on 2 centra (bodies of vertebrae) to carry the first 3 hypural bones (fused spines of the vertebrae) of the tail fin. 1 family. Family Denticipitidae (denticle herrings) The most primitive living clupeiform. Numerous dermal…

  • denticle (mollusk anatomy)

    gastropod: Food and feeding: …to many thousand “teeth” (denticles). The radula is used in feeding: muscles extrude the radula from the mouth, spread it out, and then slide it over the supporting odontophore, carrying particles or pieces of food and debris into the esophagus. Although attached at both ends, the radula grows continuously…

  • denticle (fossil)

    Denticle, part of a conodont, a small toothlike fossil found in marine rocks representative of a long span of geologic time. Although they resemble cusps, denticles are generally smaller than distinct cusps and vary greatly in shape and structure. Denticles may be spaced closely to each other or

  • denticle (fish anatomy)

    clupeiform: Distinguishing characteristics: The development of denticles (toothlike skin projections) and teeth represents another specialization of evolutionary importance. The most primitive clupeiform fishes have an enormous number of dermal denticles (on the head and in the mouth), which have been replaced in evolutionarily more-advanced forms by teeth, which are larger and…

  • dentifrice

    Colgate-Palmolive Company: …& Company sold the first toothpaste in a tube, Colgate’s Ribbon Dental Cream, in 1896. In 1928 the firm was bought by Palmolive-Peet Company, whose founder, B.J. Johnson, had developed the formula for Palmolive soap in 1898. At the turn of the 20th century, Palmolive—which contained both palm and olive…

  • dentin (anatomy)

    Dentin, in anatomy, the yellowish tissue that makes up the bulk of all teeth. It is harder than bone but softer than enamel and consists mainly of apatite crystals of calcium and phosphate. In humans, other mammals, and the elasmobranch fishes (e.g., sharks, rays), a layer of dentin-producing

  • dentine (anatomy)

    Dentin, in anatomy, the yellowish tissue that makes up the bulk of all teeth. It is harder than bone but softer than enamel and consists mainly of apatite crystals of calcium and phosphate. In humans, other mammals, and the elasmobranch fishes (e.g., sharks, rays), a layer of dentin-producing

  • dentistry

    Dentistry, the profession concerned with the prevention and treatment of oral disease, including diseases of the teeth and supporting structures and diseases of the soft tissues of the mouth. Dentistry also encompasses the treatment and correction of malformation of the jaws, misalignment of the

  • Dentists of England, College of

    dentistry: Dentistry in 19th-century Europe: …of dental professionals formed the College of Dentists of England in 1857, seeking independence from the Royal College of Surgeons, which influenced the proceedings of the Odontological Society. The College of Dentists of England established the Metropolitan School of Dental Science, the forerunner of the University College Hospital Dental School.…

  • dentition (anatomy)

    human digestive system: The teeth: The teeth are hard, white structures found in the mouth. Usually used for mastication, the teeth of different vertebrate species are sometimes specialized. The teeth of snakes, for example, are very thin and sharp and usually curve backward; they function in capturing prey but not in…

  • Denton (Greater Manchester, England, United Kingdom)

    Tameside: In Denton hatting grew from a cottage industry in the 17th century into a major economic activity employing nearly half the town’s population by the 1920s. Tameside’s domestic textile industry gave way to factory production in the 18th century with the construction of water-powered mills along…

  • Denton (Texas, United States)

    Denton, city, seat (1857) of Denton county, northern Texas, U.S. Denton is situated about 35 miles (56 km) northwest of Dallas–Fort Worth. Permanently settled in 1857 and named for John B. Denton, a Texas frontiersman, Denton is largely a cultural, research, and educational centre; institutions

  • Denton of Denton, Baron (British field marshal)

    Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, British field marshal, imperial administrator, conqueror of the Sudan, commander in chief during the South African War, and (perhaps his most important role) secretary of state for war at the beginning of World War I (1914–18). At that time he

  • Dentro & fuera (work by Belli)

    Carlos Germán Belli: …first books, Poemas (1958) and Dentro & fuera (1960; “Inside and Out”), is Surrealist in tone but exhibits many of the characteristics that Belli honed in such later collections as Por el monte abajo (1966; “Through the Woods Below”) and El pie sobre el cuello (1967; “The Foot on the…

  • Dentro le mura (work by Bassani)

    Giorgio Bassani: …collection Cinque storie ferraresi (1956; Five Stories of Ferrara, also published as Prospect of Ferrara; reissued as Dentro le mura, 1973, “Inside the Walls”), five novellas that describe the growth of fascism and anti-Semitism, brought Bassani his first commercial success and the Strega Prize (offered annually for the best Italian…

  • Dents du Midi (painting by Kokoschka)

    Oskar Kokoschka: Early life and works: …one of his earliest paintings, Dents du Midi (1909), a snowscape rendered in warm colours; an Impressionist might have used cool colours to evoke the actual light emanating from the snow.

  • denture (dentistry)

    Denture, artificial replacement for one or more missing teeth and adjacent gum tissues. A complete denture replaces all the teeth of the upper or lower jaw. Partial dentures are commonly used to replace a single tooth or two or more adjacent teeth. The partial appliance may be removable or fixed;

  • Dentz, H.-F. (Syrian official)

    World War II: Iraq and Syria, 1940–41: …Syria, whose high commissioner, General H.-F. Dentz, was a nominee of the Vichy government of France. Lest Syria and Lebanon should fall altogether under Axis control, the British decided to intervene there. Consequently, Free French forces, under General Georges Catroux, with British, Australian, and Indian support, were sent into both

  • denudation (geology)

    Chhattisgarh: Relief: …topographic variations resulting from extensive denudation (wearing away of the earth by such processes as weathering and erosion). Knolls, undulating interfluves (areas between adjacent watercourses), and valleys flanked by belts of clayey soils are characteristic of the region. About 100 miles (160 km) wide, the Chhattisgarh Plain is bounded by…

  • denumerable set (mathematics)

    automata theory: The generalized automaton and Turing’s machine: …is, they are at most countable in number. This being the case, it can be proved that there is what Turing called a “universal” machine capable of operating like any given Turing machine. For a given partial recursive function of a single argument, there is a corresponding integer, called the…

  • denunciation (law)

    punishment: General deterrence: …deterrence, known by the term denunciation, utilizes public condemnation as a form of community moral education. In this approach, a person found guilty of a crime is denounced—that is, subjected to shame and public criticism. Although denunciation is closely associated with general deterrence through fear—and many courts have imposed sentences…

  • Denver (Colorado, United States)

    Denver, city and county, capital of Colorado, U.S., at the western edge of the Great Plains, just east of the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains. The city and county were consolidated as a single administrative unit in 1902. Denver lies at the junction of Cherry Creek and the South Platte River;

  • Denver and Rio Grande Railway (American railway)

    Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad Company (D&RGW), former American railroad chartered in 1870 as the Denver and Rio Grande Railway (D&RG). It began with a narrow-gauge line extending from Denver, Colorado, south to New Mexico and west to Salt Lake City, Utah. Conversion to standard-gauge track

  • Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad Company (American railway)

    Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad Company (D&RGW), former American railroad chartered in 1870 as the Denver and Rio Grande Railway (D&RG). It began with a narrow-gauge line extending from Denver, Colorado, south to New Mexico and west to Salt Lake City, Utah. Conversion to standard-gauge track

  • Denver Broncos (American football team)

    Denver Broncos, American professional gridiron football team based in Denver that plays in the National Football League (NFL). The Broncos have won eight American Football Conference (AFC) championships and three Super Bowls (1998, 1999, and 2016). The Broncos were founded in 1960 as one of the

  • Denver City (Colorado, United States)

    Denver: History: …in November 1858 renamed it Denver City for James W. Denver, governor of the Kansas Territory, of which the city was then a part. The site grew during the 1859 “Pikes Peak or bust” gold rush. Denver City and Auraria consolidated in 1860; the following year Colorado Territory was established…

  • Denver classification (biology)

    human genetics: The human chromosomes: The Denver system of chromosome classification, established in 1959, identified the chromosomes by their length and the position of the centromeres. Since then the method has been improved by the use of special staining techniques that impart unique light and dark bands to each chromosome. These…

  • Denver Developmental Screening Test (psychosocial test)

    diagnosis: Pediatric: …can be measured with the Denver Developmental Screening Test, or Denver Scale. This test, which was developed at the University of Colorado in the United States in the late 1960s, is used today in multiple countries, including Canada and the United Kingdom. The test evaluates motor, language, and social development…

  • Denver International Airport (airport, Denver, Colorado, United States)

    Colorado: Transportation and telecommunications: Denver International Airport is a major hub in the country’s air traffic pattern. It is served by almost all major U.S. airlines; carriers link Denver with other Colorado cities, with neighbouring states, and with international destinations. Railroad lines in Colorado are mainly bulk-freight carriers using…

  • Denver Nuggets (American basketball team)

    Denver Nuggets, American professional basketball team based in Denver that plays in the Western Conference of the National Basketball Association (NBA). Originally known as the Denver Rockets, the team was one of the founding franchises of the American Basketball Association (ABA) in 1967. Led by

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