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  • Dahur (people)

    Daur, Mongol people living mainly in the eastern portion of Inner Mongolia autonomous region and western Heilongjiang province of China and estimated in the early 21st century to number more than 132,000. They are one of the official ethnic minorities of China. Their language, which varies widely

  • Dai (people)

    Tai, peoples of mainland Southeast Asia, including the Thai, or Siamese (in central and southern Thailand), the Lao (in Laos and northern Thailand), the Shan (in northeast Myanmar [Burma]), the Lü (primarily in Yunnan province, China, but also in Myanmar, Laos, northern Thailand, and Vietnam), t

  • Dai Ailian (Chinese dancer, choreographer, and teacher)

    Dai Ailian, British-born Chinese dancer, choreographer, and teacher (born May 10, 1916, Trinidad, British West Indies—died Feb. 9, 2006, Beijing, China), was dubbed “the mother of Chinese ballet,” and she was instrumental in introducing Western dance in China and in creating dances based on Ch

  • Dai hyakkajiten (Japanese encyclopaedia)

    Dai hyakkajiten, (Japanese: “Great Encyclopaedia”), comprehensive Japanese general encyclopaedia, published in Tokyo. It was first published from 1931 to 1935 in 28 volumes, with four supplements published in 1939–52, and was reissued in 15 volumes (1951–53). In 1955–63, a successor encyclopaedia,

  • Dai Jin (Chinese painter)

    Dai Jin, Chinese landscape painter of the Ming dynasty. Dai was one of the leaders in the early Ming revival of the Ma-Xia (after Ma Yuan and Xia Gui), or academic, style of landscape painting of the Southern Song (1127–1279), which came to be called the Zhe school (after Zhejiang province, in

  • Dai jiten (Japanese dictionary)

    Dai jiten, (Japanese: “Great Dictionary”), dictionary of the Japanese language published in 13 illustrated volumes in Tokyo (1953–54). The work is a reduced-size reprint of the 26-volume edition of 1934–36, augmented substantially with new entries. Dai jiten contains more than 400,000 modern,

  • Dai Kui (Chinese artist)

    Chinese painting: Three Kingdoms (220–280) and Six Dynasties (220–589): …painting masters, Cao Buxing and Dai Kui painted chiefly Buddhist and Daoist subjects. Dai Kui was noted as a poet, painter, and musician and was one of the first to establish the tradition of scholarly amateur painting (wenrenhua). He was also the leading sculptor of his day, almost the only…

  • Dai Namboku (Japanese dramatist)

    Tsuruya Namboku IV, Japanese Kabuki playwright of the late Tokugawa period (1603–1867), known for his plays with supernatural themes and macabre and grotesque characters. Little is known of his early years, but in 1755 he became an apprentice of the dramatist Sakurada Jisuke I. About 1780 he

  • Dai Nihon shi (Japanese literature)

    Tokugawa Mitsukuni: …began the compilation of the Dai Nihon shi (“History of Great Japan”), a comprehensive rewriting of Japanese history modelled after the great Chinese dynastic histories. Mitsukuni’s project, which was not finally completed until 1906 (although most of the work was done during his lifetime), helped establish Confucian philosophy in Japan…

  • Dai Noi (citadel, Hue, Vietnam)

    Hue: …the Chinese-style Vietnamese imperial citadel, Dai Noi, from which the Nguyen family controlled southern and central Vietnam from the mid-16th to the mid-20th century. The citadel’s 7-mile (11-km) walled circumference enclosed priceless artifacts of Vietnamese civilization. During colonial times the French quarter was on the right bank. The commercial section…

  • Dai Viet (historical kingdom, Vietnam)

    Suryavarman II: …series of unsuccessful campaigns against Dai Viet, the Vietnamese kingdom that had asserted its independence from China in 939. He attempted a land attack through Laos to Nghe An in 1128 and met with defeat. A few months later, Suryavarman’s fleet of 700 junks began a long harassment along the…

  • Dai Wangshu (Chinese poet)

    Chinese literature: 1927–37: …popular but more daring were Dai Wangshu and Li Jinfa, poets published in Xiandai (“Contemporary Age”), a Shanghai literary magazine. The latter wrote very sophisticated, if frequently baffling, poetry in the manner of the French Symbolists.

  • Dai Zhen (Chinese philosopher)

    Dai Zhen, Chinese empirical philosopher, considered by many to have been the greatest thinker of the Qing period (1644–1911/12). Born to poor parents, Dai educated himself by reading borrowed books. Although he passed his preliminary civil service examinations, he never passed the highly stylized

  • Dai, Lady (Chinese noble)

    Chinese architecture: The Qin (221–206 bce) and Han (206 bce–220 ce) dynasties: …burial, so the deceased (Xin Zhui, or Lady Dai, the governor’s wife) was found in a near-perfect state of preservation. Included among the grave goods, which came with a written inventory providing contemporaneous terminology, are the finest caches yet discovered of early Chinese silks (gauzes and damasks, twills and…

  • Dai, Mount (mountain, Japan)

    Chūgoku Range: …buried by lava-dome volcanoes, including Mount Dai, which rises to 5,673 feet (1,729 m) in Tottori prefecture.

  • Dai-Ichi Bank Ltd. (Japanese bank)

    Dai-Ichi Kangyō Bank: …1971 through the merger of Dai Ichi Bank Ltd. (founded in 1873) and Nippon Kangyō Bank Ltd. (founded in 1897).

  • Dai-Ichi Kangyō Bank (Japanese bank)

    Dai-Ichi Kangyō Bank, one of three Japanese banks that merged in 2000 to create the Mizuho Financial Group. Once one of the largest commercial banks in Japan, with branches there and operations in 30 other countries, Dai-Ichi had been established in 1971 through the merger of Dai Ichi Bank Ltd.

  • Dai-Kun-i Kikka-shō Kubikazari (Japanese order)

    Order of the Chrysanthemum, Japan’s highest and most exclusive order, established in 1877 by the Meiji emperor, awarded mainly to members of Japan’s royal family and to foreign royalty or heads of state. The order has only one class and is exclusively for men. The badge consists of a white enameled

  • Dai-nihon-shi (Japanese literature)

    Tokugawa Mitsukuni: …began the compilation of the Dai Nihon shi (“History of Great Japan”), a comprehensive rewriting of Japanese history modelled after the great Chinese dynastic histories. Mitsukuni’s project, which was not finally completed until 1906 (although most of the work was done during his lifetime), helped establish Confucian philosophy in Japan…

  • Daia (emperor of Rome)

    Galerius Valerius Maximinus, Roman emperor from 310 to 313 and a persistent persecutor of the Christians. He was a nephew of Galerius, one of the two men named augustus after the abdication of Diocletian and Maximian. Originally a shepherd, Maximinus joined the army and advanced rapidly through the

  • Da?a Mountains (mountains, Algeria)

    Da?a Mountains, short northeast-southwest mountain range in the High Plateaus (Hauts Plateaux) region of the Atlas Mountains, northern Algeria. It is northwest of the salt lake of Chott El-Chergui and rises to 4,515 feet (1,376 metres) at Mount Tazenaga. The range is composed of terraced limestone

  • Daiberto (patriarch of Jerusalem)

    Daimbert, first archbishop of Pisa, Italy, who, as patriarch of Jerusalem, played a major role in the First Crusade. Named bishop in 1088 and elevated to archbishop when Pisa was made an archdiocese in 1092, Daimbert accompanied Pope Urban II to France in 1095 to preach the First Crusade. Returning

  • Daibutsu

    Japan: Beginning of the imperial state: …of the Great Buddha (Daibutsu) was a tremendously difficult task, but the emperor called on the people at large to contribute to the project, in however humble a way, and thereby partake of the grace of the Buddha. The great image that was produced as a result, though damaged…

  • Daibutsu (statue, Kamakura, Japan)

    Kamakura: Historic landmarks include the bronze Great Buddha, or Daibutsu, a national treasure; the Kenchō and Engaku temples; and the statue of Kannon (Avalokiteshvara), the bodhisattva of compassion. The city houses the Kamakura Museum and the Kamakura Prefectural Museum of Modern Art. The southern beaches attract thousands of tourists. A lacquerware…

  • Daibutsu-den (hall, Nara, Japan)

    Japanese art: Nara period: …the Great Buddha Hall (Daibutsuden) commenced in 745, and dedication ceremonies for the nearly 50-foot- (15-metre-) high seated figure were held in 752. Only fragments of the original are extant. Most of the present sculpture dates to a reconstruction in 1692, which nevertheless gives ample sense of the scale…

  • Daic languages

    Tai languages, closely related family of languages, of which the Thai language of Thailand is the most important member. Because the word Thai has been designated as the official name of the language of Thailand, it would be confusing to use it for the various other languages of the family as well.

  • Daiei (Japanese company)

    Nakauchi Isao: …(1947) of the retail chain Daiei, changed the relationship between manufacturers and retailers through his pioneering development of private-brand products.

  • Daiei Motion Picture Company (Japanese company)

    Daiei Motion Picture Company, leading Japanese motion-picture studio that produced some of the major post-World War II film classics, although most of its releases were directed toward urban teenage audiences. The company was formed in 1942, when the Japanese government consolidated the production

  • Daigak Guksa (Buddhist priest)

    Daigak Guksa, Korean Buddhist priest who founded the Ch’?nt’ae sect of Buddhism. A son of the Kory? king Munjong, ?ich’?n became a Buddhist monk at age 11, and in 1084 he went to the Sung court of China and stayed a year and a half studying and collecting Buddhist literature. When ?ich’?n returned

  • Daigle, France (Canadian novelist)

    Canadian literature: The Quiet Revolution of French Canadian minorities: Conversations]) and postmodern novelist France Daigle. Acadian literature excels in lyric poetry, represented by authors who include Raymond Leblanc, Dyane Léger, and Serge Patrice Thibodeau.

  • Daigo (emperor of Japan)

    Daigo, 60th emperor of Japan. He was unsuccessful in continuing his father’s policy of limiting the power of the important Fujiwara family, which dominated the Japanese government from 857 to 1160. The son of the emperor Uda, he ascended the throne in 897 and assumed the reign name Daigo; Uda,

  • Daigo II (emperor of Japan)

    Go-Daigo, emperor of Japan (1318–39), whose efforts to overthrow the shogunate and restore the monarchy led to civil war and divided the imperial family into two rival factions. Takaharu ascended the throne at a time when the nation was in one of the more turbulent periods of its history. Political

  • Daigo Tennō (emperor of Japan)

    Daigo, 60th emperor of Japan. He was unsuccessful in continuing his father’s policy of limiting the power of the important Fujiwara family, which dominated the Japanese government from 857 to 1160. The son of the emperor Uda, he ascended the throne in 897 and assumed the reign name Daigo; Uda,

  • Daigo, Go- (emperor of Japan)

    Go-Daigo, emperor of Japan (1318–39), whose efforts to overthrow the shogunate and restore the monarchy led to civil war and divided the imperial family into two rival factions. Takaharu ascended the throne at a time when the nation was in one of the more turbulent periods of its history. Political

  • Daik, Mount (mountain, Indonesia)

    Riau Islands: Geography: …peaks in the province are Mount Daik (3,816 feet [1,163 metres]), on Lingga, and Mount Ranai (3,146 feet [959 metres]), on Great Natuna. Mangrove swamps are common along the coasts, except in the Anambas archipelago, where most of the islands have a steep, rocky, but forested shoreline. The province has…

  • Daikaku Temple (temple, Kyōto, Japan)

    Japan: Decline of Kamakura society: …junior line centred on the Daikaku Temple on the western edge of the city. In the last half of the century, each side sought to win the support of the bakufu. In 1317 Kamakura proposed a compromise that would allow the two lines to alternate the succession. But the dispute…

  • Daikoku (Japanese deity)

    Daikoku, in Japanese mythology, one of the Shichi-fuku-jin (Seven Gods of Luck); the god of wealth and guardian of farmers. He is depicted in legend and art as dark-skinned, stout, carrying a wish-granting mallet in his right hand, a bag of precious things slung over his back, and sitting on two

  • Dáil (Irish parliament)

    Dublin: National and local government: …of the Irish parliament, the Dáil and the Seanad (Senate), meet at Leinster House. The judiciary is based at the Four Courts. More than 40 countries maintain embassies, and several others are represented by consuls, both honorary and professional.

  • Dáil éireann (Irish history)

    Ireland: The 20th-century crisis: …a meeting in Dublin called Dáil éireann (“Irish Assembly),” which sought to provide an alternative to British administration and which first met on Jan. 21, 1919. Simultaneously, the Irish Republican Army (IRA) was organized to resist British administration and to secure recognition for the government of the Irish republic. There…

  • Dáil éireann (Irish parliament)

    Dublin: National and local government: …of the Irish parliament, the Dáil and the Seanad (Senate), meet at Leinster House. The judiciary is based at the Four Courts. More than 40 countries maintain embassies, and several others are represented by consuls, both honorary and professional.

  • Dailey, Janet (American romance novelist)

    Janet Dailey, (Janet Ann Haradon), American romance novelist (born May 21, 1944, Storm Lake, Iowa—died Dec. 14, 2013, Branson, Mo.), penned more than 100 novels, which were translated into 19 languages and sold an estimated 300 million copies worldwide. Although Dailey’s early books adhered

  • Daily Advertiser, The (British newspaper)

    history of publishing: Britain: …breed of English papers was The Daily Advertiser (1730–1807), which offered advertising space along with news of a political, commercial, and social nature. An important gap in the political pages was filled from 1771, when the right to publish proceedings in Parliament had been granted. This right was not won…

  • Daily Beast, The (newsmagazine)

    Newsweek: …2011 Newsweek formally merged with The Daily Beast, a news-and-commentary Web site founded by Tina Brown. The newly created joint venture was called The Newsweek/Daily Beast Company, and Brown became its editor in chief. The magazine continued to be published under the title Newsweek. With the December 31, 2012, issue,…

  • daily double (horse racing)

    pari-mutuel: …combination bets, such as the daily double (picking winners in two specified races, usually the first two), exacta, or perfecta (picking the first two finishers in a race in precise order), quinella (picking the first two finishers in a race regardless of order), and pick six (picking the winners in…

  • Daily Dozen, The (work by Camp)

    physical culture: Athletic clubs and sports: …also known for the book The Daily Dozen (1925), which outlined a regimen of exercises he had designed for naval recruits in World War I. It became a household phrase and was copied by countless fitness gurus in succeeding generations.

  • Daily Evening Bulletin, The (American newspaper)

    The Bulletin, daily newspaper published in Philadelphia from 1847 to 1982, long considered one of the most influential American newspapers. Founded by Alexander Cummings as Cummings Telegraphic Evening Bulletin, the newspaper became The Daily Evening Bulletin in 1856 and then the Evening Bulletin

  • Daily Express (British newspaper)

    Daily Express, morning newspaper published in London, known for its sensational treatment of news and also for its thorough coverage of international events. The Sunday edition is published as the Sunday Express. Since its founding in 1900, the Express has aggressively appealed to a mass

  • Daily Globe (American newspaper)

    E.W. Howe: ) Daily Globe, made famous by frequent reprinting of his paragraphs throughout the United States. His first and most successful novel, The Story of a Country Town (1883), was the first realistic novel of Midwestern small-town life. He published and edited Howe’s Monthly (1911–33) and wrote…

  • Daily Herald (British newspaper)

    history of publishing: Great Britain: In 1930 the Daily Herald offered gifts to woo new readers. Although they were condemned by the Newspaper Proprietors’ Association (later known as the Newspaper Publishers Association), gift schemes proliferated among other newspapers, with the Herald eventually achieving a circulation of two million, the highest in the world.…

  • Daily Horoscope (poetry by Gioia)

    Dana Gioia: …first book of verse, titled Daily Horoscope (1986), including the acclaimed poem “Cruising with the Beach Boys.” That poem recounts a middle-aged man’s nostalgia for a time long past, doing so in a simple, frank, and poignant manner. Gioia is known for working with a broad range of subjects that…

  • Daily Kos (blog)

    computer: Social networking: Daily Kos, one of the largest of the political blogs, made good use of ratings, with high-rated members gaining more power to rate other members’ comments; under such systems, the idea is that the best entries will survive and the worst will quickly disappear. The…

  • daily living aids

    Aids for activities of daily living (AADLs), products, devices, and equipment used in everyday functional activities by the disabled or the elderly. A form of assistive technology, aids for activities of daily living (AADLs) include a wide range of devices. Potential categories of equipment may

  • Daily Mail (British newspaper)

    Daily Mail, morning daily newspaper published in London, long noted for its foreign reporting, it was one of the first British papers to popularize its coverage to appeal to a mass readership. It is the flagship publication of the Daily Mail and General Trust PLC, a London media company

  • Daily Mirror, The (British newspaper)

    The Mirror, daily newspaper published in London that frequently has the largest circulation in Britain. The Mirror was founded by Alfred Harmsworth, later Viscount Northcliffe, in 1903 as a newspaper for women. Its photo-rich tabloid format has consistently stressed sensational, human-interest, and

  • Daily News (American newspaper)

    New York Daily News, morning daily tabloid newspaper published in New York City, once the newspaper with the largest circulation in the United States. The New York Daily News was the first successful tabloid newspaper in the United States. It was founded in 1919 as the Illustrated Daily News by

  • Daily News Building (building, New York City, New York, United States)

    Western architecture: The United States: …setback cubical masses in the Daily News Building (1930), by the versatile Hood, who had run the course from Gothic to modern form. The bank and office building of the Philadelphia Savings Fund Society (1931–32) by George Howe and William Lescaze, a Swiss architect, gave the skyscraper its first thoroughly…

  • Daily Racing Form (American magazine)

    Triple Crown: …Hatton, a columnist for the Daily Racing Form. He frequently used the term triple crown in reference to the three races in the 1930s, and as the term caught on, more and more owners and trainers began to prepare specifically for these contests. By the 1940s, newspapers were routinely using…

  • daily reference value (nutrition)

    Daily reference value (DRV), set of numerical quantities developed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the dietary intake of energy-containing macronutrients, including carbohydrates, cholesterol, fat, fibre, saturated fatty acids, potassium, protein, and sodium. In the United States the

  • daily rhythm (biology)

    Circadian rhythm, the cyclical 24-hour period of human biological activity. Within the circadian (24-hour) cycle, a person usually sleeps approximately 8 hours and is awake 16. During the wakeful hours, mental and physical functions are most active and tissue cell growth increases. During sleep,

  • Daily Show with Craig Kilborn, The (American television program)

    The Daily Show, American satirical television news show that aired on the cable network Comedy Central from 1996. It was hosted by Craig Kilborn (1996–98); Jon Stewart (1999–2015), during whose tenure the show reached its greatest popularity; and Trevor Noah (2015– ). The show debuted in 1996 with

  • Daily Show with Jon Stewart, The (American television program)

    The Daily Show, American satirical television news show that aired on the cable network Comedy Central from 1996. It was hosted by Craig Kilborn (1996–98); Jon Stewart (1999–2015), during whose tenure the show reached its greatest popularity; and Trevor Noah (2015– ). The show debuted in 1996 with

  • Daily Show with Trevor Noah, The (American television program)

    The Daily Show, American satirical television news show that aired on the cable network Comedy Central from 1996. It was hosted by Craig Kilborn (1996–98); Jon Stewart (1999–2015), during whose tenure the show reached its greatest popularity; and Trevor Noah (2015– ). The show debuted in 1996 with

  • Daily Show, The (American television program)

    The Daily Show, American satirical television news show that aired on the cable network Comedy Central from 1996. It was hosted by Craig Kilborn (1996–98); Jon Stewart (1999–2015), during whose tenure the show reached its greatest popularity; and Trevor Noah (2015– ). The show debuted in 1996 with

  • Daily Sketch (British newspaper)

    history of publishing: Great Britain: Meanwhile, the equally successful tabloid Daily Sketch had been begun in Manchester in 1909 by Sir Edward Hulton.

  • Daily Telegraph and Courier (British newspaper)

    The Daily Telegraph, daily newspaper published in London and generally accounted, with The Times and The Guardian, as one of Britain’s “big three” quality newspapers. Founded in 1855 as the Daily Telegraph and Courier, the paper was acquired later that year by Joseph Moses Levy who, with his son

  • Daily Telegraph, The (British newspaper)

    The Daily Telegraph, daily newspaper published in London and generally accounted, with The Times and The Guardian, as one of Britain’s “big three” quality newspapers. Founded in 1855 as the Daily Telegraph and Courier, the paper was acquired later that year by Joseph Moses Levy who, with his son

  • Daily Universal Register, The (British newspaper)

    The Times, daily newspaper published in London, one of Britain’s oldest and most influential newspapers. It is generally accounted, with The Guardian and The Daily Telegraph, one of Britain’s “big three” and has long been recognized as one of the world’s greatest newspapers. Founded by John Walter

  • Daily Values (diet)

    human nutrition: Dietary Reference Intakes: …United States, for example, the Daily Values, determined by the Food and Drug Administration, are generally based on RDA values published in 1968. The different food components are listed on the food label as a percentage of their Daily Values.

  • Daily Worker (American newspaper)

    Daily Worker, newspaper that, under a variety of names, has generally reflected the views of the Communist Party of the United States. The Daily Worker, its origins traceable to the 1920s, was variously the organ and the “semiofficial” voice of the party, and its readers across the middle of the

  • Daily World (American newspaper)

    Daily Worker, newspaper that, under a variety of names, has generally reflected the views of the Communist Party of the United States. The Daily Worker, its origins traceable to the 1920s, was variously the organ and the “semiofficial” voice of the party, and its readers across the middle of the

  • Daima culture

    African art: Sculpture and associated arts: …excavated in a mound at Daima near Lake Chad in levels dating from the 5th century bce or earlier, while others were found in Zimbabwe in deposits of the later part of the 1st millennium ce. Both of these discoveries imply an even earlier stage of unfired clay modeling. About…

  • Daimatsu Hirofumi (Japanese athletic coach)
  • Daimbert (patriarch of Jerusalem)

    Daimbert, first archbishop of Pisa, Italy, who, as patriarch of Jerusalem, played a major role in the First Crusade. Named bishop in 1088 and elevated to archbishop when Pisa was made an archdiocese in 1092, Daimbert accompanied Pope Urban II to France in 1095 to preach the First Crusade. Returning

  • daimio (Japanese social class)

    Daimyo, any of the largest and most powerful landholding magnates in Japan from about the 10th century until the latter half of the 19th century. The Japanese word daimyo is compounded from dai (“large”) and myō (for myōden, or “name-land,” meaning “private land”). Upon the breakdown of the system

  • Daimler (automobile)

    automobile: Development of the gasoline car: …his first car in 1885, Daimler in 1886. Although there is no reason to believe that Benz had ever seen a motor vehicle before he made his own, he and Daimler had been preceded by étienne Lenoir in France and Siegfried Marcus in Austria, in 1862 and 1864–65, respectively, but…

  • Daimler AG (international automotive company)

    Daimler AG, international automotive company. One of the world’s leading car and truck manufacturers, its vehicle brands include Mercedes-Benz, Maybach (luxury automobiles), and Smart (micro hybrid cars). Daimler manufactures commercial vehicles under brands such as Freightliner, Sterling, Western

  • Daimler, Gottlieb (German engineer and inventor)

    Gottlieb Daimler, German mechanical engineer who was a major figure in the early history of the automotive industry. Daimler studied engineering at the Stuttgart polytechnic institute and then worked in various German engineering firms, gaining experience with engines. In 1872 he became technical

  • Daimler, Gottlieb Wilhelm (German engineer and inventor)

    Gottlieb Daimler, German mechanical engineer who was a major figure in the early history of the automotive industry. Daimler studied engineering at the Stuttgart polytechnic institute and then worked in various German engineering firms, gaining experience with engines. In 1872 he became technical

  • Daimler-Benz (international automotive company)

    Daimler AG, international automotive company. One of the world’s leading car and truck manufacturers, its vehicle brands include Mercedes-Benz, Maybach (luxury automobiles), and Smart (micro hybrid cars). Daimler manufactures commercial vehicles under brands such as Freightliner, Sterling, Western

  • Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft (German company)

    Gottlieb Daimler: In 1890 Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft was founded at Cannstatt, and in 1899 the firm built the first Mercedes car.

  • DaimlerChrysler Aerospace (German company)

    Airbus Industrie: …from Germany’s Deutsche Airbus (later DaimlerChrysler Aerospace Airbus), a joint venture in which Messerschmitt-B?lkow-Blohm had a 65 percent stake and VFW-Fokker a 35 percent stake. Spain’s Construcciones Aeronáuticas S.A. (CASA) joined in 1971 with a 4.2 percent share. Hawker Siddeley and other British companies were nationalized in 1977 into a…

  • DaimlerChrysler AG (international corporation)

    Chrysler: From Daimler to Fiat: …shares in the newly formed DaimlerChrysler AG began trading on stock exchanges later that month. After a poor performance in 2001, which forced the closing of Plymouth, the Chrysler Group posted profits for several years, owing in part to strong sales for new models such as the Dodge Magnum.

  • daimoku (Buddhism)

    Nichiren Buddhism: …second great mystery is the daimoku, the “title” of the sutra; Nichiren instituted the devotional practice of chanting the phrase “Namu myōhō renge kyō" (“I devote myself to the Lotus Sutra of the Wonderful Law”). The third mystery relates to the kaidan, or place of ordination, which is sacred and…

  • daimon (Greek religion)

    Demon, in Greek religion, a supernatural power. In Homer the term is used almost interchangeably with theos for a god. The distinction there is that theos emphasizes the personality of the god, and demon his activity. Hence, the term demon was regularly applied to sudden or unexpected supernatural

  • daimyo (Japanese social class)

    Daimyo, any of the largest and most powerful landholding magnates in Japan from about the 10th century until the latter half of the 19th century. The Japanese word daimyo is compounded from dai (“large”) and myō (for myōden, or “name-land,” meaning “private land”). Upon the breakdown of the system

  • daimyo oak (plant)

    oak: glauca), daimyo oak (Q. dentata), Japanese evergreen oak (Q. acuta), and sawtooth oak (Q. acutissima). The English oak, a timber tree native to Eurasia and northern Africa, is cultivated in other areas of the world as an ornamental.

  • daina (folk song)

    Baltic states: Early Middle Ages: …large body of folk songs, dainos, many of which have survived. The songs encompass the totality of human life in communion with nature and reveal a strong sense of ethics. Archaeological excavations complement this picture. The spiritual world of the Estonians is known largely from their epic poem Kalevipoeg, a…

  • daina (Zoroastrianism)

    ancient Iranian religion: Human nature: …judgment, the ruvan encounters the dainā, which is an embodiment of the sum of its deeds during life, manifested as either a beautiful maiden or an ugly hag. Depending on how these deeds are weighed, the soul either crosses safely the ?invat Bridge to the other world or falls into…

  • Daines, Simon (British author)

    punctuation: Punctuation in English since 1600: …of English Poesie (1589), and Simon Daines, in Orthoepia Anglicana (1640), specified a pause of one unit for a comma, of two units for a semicolon, and of three for a colon, they were no doubt trying to bring some sort of order into a basically confused and unsatisfactory situation.…

  • Daines, Steve (United States senator)

    Steve Daines, American politician who was elected as a Republican to the U.S. Senate in 2014 and began representing Montana the following year. He previously served in the U.S. House of Representatives (2013–15). Daines was born in southern California but grew up in Bozeman, Montana. His family had

  • Daines, Steven David (United States senator)

    Steve Daines, American politician who was elected as a Republican to the U.S. Senate in 2014 and began representing Montana the following year. He previously served in the U.S. House of Representatives (2013–15). Daines was born in southern California but grew up in Bozeman, Montana. His family had

  • Daing Parani (Buginese adventurer)

    Daing Parani, leader of adventurers from the vicinity of Makasar, Celebes, who spearheaded the political penetration of the Malay Peninsula by the Buginese, a people who came from the southern Celebes seeking trade opportunities. The Buginese were skilled and astute fighting men and were soon drawn

  • Dainichi Nyorai (Buddha)

    Vairochana, (Sanskrit: “Illuminator”) the supreme Buddha, as regarded by many Mahayana Buddhists of East Asia and of Tibet, Nepal, and Java. Some Buddhists regard Vairochana, or Mahavairochana, as a being separate from the five “self-born” Dhyani-Buddhas, one of whom is known as Vairochana. Among

  • Dainichi-kyō (Buddhist text)

    Mahāvairocana-sūtra, (Sanskrit: “Great Illuminator Sūtra”, ) text of late Tantric Buddhism and a principal scripture of the large Japanese Buddhist sect known as Shingon (“True Word”). The text received a Chinese translation, under the title Ta-jih Ching, about ad 725, and its esoteric teachings

  • Dair al-Ba?rī (archaeological site, Egypt)

    Dayr al-Ba?rī, Egyptian archaeological site in the necropolis of Thebes. It is made up of a bay in the cliffs on the west bank of the Nile River east of the Valley of the Kings. Its name (Arabic for “northern monastery”) refers to a monastery built there in the 7th century ce. Of the three ancient

  • Dairen (China)

    Dalian, city and port, southern Liaoning sheng (province), northeastern China. It consists of the formerly independent cities of Dalian and Lüshun, which were amalgamated (as Lüda) in 1950; in 1981 the name Dalian was restored, and Lüshun became a district of the city. Situated at the southern tip

  • Dairo, I. K. (Nigerian musician)

    Dairo I(saiah) K(ehinde), Nigerian musician and composer who--as leader from 1957 of the 10-piece Morning Star Orchestra (later renamed the Blue Spots)--brought new life and international popularity to Yoruban juju music by introducing a broad range of rhythms, such instruments as the electric

  • dairy

    Dairying, branch of agriculture that encompasses the breeding, raising, and utilization of dairy animals, primarily cows, for the production of milk and the various dairy products processed from it. Milk for human consumption is produced primarily by the cow and the water buffalo. The goat also is

  • Dairy Belt (region, United States)

    North America: Cool temperate, humid regions: The Dairy Belt, another recognized division, makes use of a shorter growing season and cooler summers in New England and the Great Lakes–St. Lawrence region, where clover, timothy hay, and hardy small grains thrive. Dairying also exploits the lush pastures of the Pacific Coast’s equable climate…

  • dairy cattle (livestock)

    Cattle, domesticated bovine farm animals that are raised for their meat, milk, or hides or for draft purposes. The animals most often included under the term are the Western or European domesticated cattle as well as the Indian and African domesticated cattle. However, certain other bovids such as

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