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  • Deal of the Century (film by Friedkin [1983])

    William Friedkin: …was with the disappointing comedy Deal of the Century (1983), which featured Chevy Chase as an international arms dealer. Although To Live and Die in L.A. (1985) failed to salvage Friedkin’s reputation, the gritty drama about federal agents on the trail of a counterfeiting ring was generally praised. Of particular…

  • Deal, Joe (American photographer)

    Joe Deal, (Joseph Maurice Deal), American photographer (born Aug. 12, 1947, Topeka, Kan.—died June 18, 2010, Providence, R.I.), repudiated the tradition of romanticized landscape photography to focus on a detached exploration of human development and man-made structures within nature. He was one of

  • Deal, Joseph Maurice (American photographer)

    Joe Deal, (Joseph Maurice Deal), American photographer (born Aug. 12, 1947, Topeka, Kan.—died June 18, 2010, Providence, R.I.), repudiated the tradition of romanticized landscape photography to focus on a detached exploration of human development and man-made structures within nature. He was one of

  • Deal, Kim (American musician)

    Pixies: June 10, 1965, Manila, Philippines), Kim Deal (b. June 10, 1961, Dayton, Ohio, U.S.), and David Lovering (b. December 6, 1961, Burlington, Massachusetts, U.S.).

  • dealer (London Stock Exchange)

    security: Brokers and jobbers: Trading on the London Stock Exchange is carried on through a unique system of brokers and jobbers. A broker acts as an agent for his customers; a jobber, or dealer, transacts business on the floor of the exchange but does not deal with the…

  • Dealey Plaza (plaza, Dallas, Texas, United States)

    Erykah Badu: …disrobing while she walked through Dealey Plaza in downtown Dallas, the site of the assassination of U.S. Pres. John F. Kennedy. For the next several years, Badu continued performing, though her recording activity was limited to guest spots on songs by other artists. In 2015 she released the mixtape But…

  • dealfish (fish)

    Dealfish, any of several slender marine fishes that belong to the genus Trachipterus (family Trachipteridae, order Lampridiformes), a subgroup of the ribbonfish. The dealfish inhabits the middle waters, probably not below 400 m (1,300 feet), and is characterized by a long, laterally compressed

  • Dealings with the Firm of Dombey and Son, Wholesale, Retail, and for Exportation (novel by Dickens)

    Dombey and Son, novel by Charles Dickens, published in 20 monthly installments during 1846–48 and in book form in 1848. It was a crucial novel in his development, a product of more thorough planning and maturer thought than his earlier serialized books. The title character, Mr. Dombey, is a wealthy

  • Dealul Pricopanului (hills, Romania)

    Romania: Relief: …feet (467 metres) in the Pricopan Hills.

  • deamination (chemical reaction)

    excretion: Products of excretion: …acids for energy production is deamination, the splitting off of ammonia from the amino-acid molecule. The remainder is oxidized to carbon dioxide and water, with the concomitant production of the energy-rich molecules of adenosine triphosphate (ATP; see metabolism).

  • dean (diplomat)

    diplomacy: Diplomatic agents: …papal envoy is always the doyen, or dean, of the diplomatic corps; internuncios elsewhere found themselves in the tiny remaining group of ministers. Hence, the title of pro-nuncio was devised to gain entry into the first class.

  • Dean Martin Show, The (American television program)

    Dean Martin: His television variety show, The Dean Martin Show, began an eight-year run in 1965 and was followed by The Dean Martin Comedy Hour (1973–74), the latter a series of celebrity “roasts.” He continued to host celebrity roasts occasionally through 1984. Although Martin often seemed to be intoxicated during his…

  • Dean of Lismore, The Book of the (Gaelic literature)

    The Book of the Dean of Lismore, miscellany of Scottish and Irish poetry, the oldest collection of Gaelic poetry extant in Scotland. It was compiled between 1512 and 1526, chiefly by Sir James MacGregor, the dean of Lismore (now in Argyll and Bute council area), and his brother Duncan. The

  • Dean, Basil (British actor, director and producer)

    Ealing Studios: …of England’s best known producers, Basil Dean and Reginald Baker, with the financial support of the Courtauld family, manufacturers of textiles, the company opened its own distribution outlet within two years and built the studios at Ealing near London. It produced several vaudeville-style musical comedies as well as serious feature…

  • Dean, Christopher (English figure skater)

    Torvill and Dean: Torvill and Dean were already accomplished figure skaters with other partners when they first joined forces in 1975—Torvill was the British junior pairs champion, Dean the British junior ice dance champion. They built their partnership into a formidable dance team while working full-time, Torvill as an insurance…

  • Dean, Christopher Colin (English figure skater)

    Torvill and Dean: Torvill and Dean were already accomplished figure skaters with other partners when they first joined forces in 1975—Torvill was the British junior pairs champion, Dean the British junior ice dance champion. They built their partnership into a formidable dance team while working full-time, Torvill as an insurance…

  • Dean, Dixie (British football player)

    Dixie Dean, British football (soccer) player, remembered as one of the great centre forwards of his time. Dean first worked as a railway apprentice but at age 16 turned to professional soccer and at 17 played for the Tranmere Rovers. In the 1924–25 season he scored 27 goals in 27 matches.

  • Dean, Dizzy (American baseball player)

    Dizzy Dean, American professional baseball player who had a brief but spectacular pitching career with the St. Louis Cardinals in the National League. He was one of the most colourful athletes in the history of organized sports. In five outstanding seasons (1932–36), Dean, a right-hander, won 120

  • Dean, Forest of (forest, England, United Kingdom)

    Forest of Dean, ancient royal forest of oak and beech in western Gloucestershire, England, covering an area of about 26,000 ac (10,500 ha) between the Rivers Severn and Wye. It became a National Forest Park administered by the Forestry Commission in 1938. Forest residents (“commoners”) retain their

  • Dean, Gordon (American scientist)

    nuclear weapon: The weapons are tested: Gordon Dean, chairman of the AEC, convened a meeting at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, hosted by Oppenheimer, on June 16–17, 1951, where the new idea was discussed. In attendance were the GAC members, AEC commissioners, and key scientists and consultants…

  • Dean, Howard (American politician)

    Howard Dean, American physician and politician who was governor of Vermont from 1991 to 2002. He ran for the Democratic nomination for the president of the United States in the 2004 election and served as the chair of the Democratic National Committee. Dean was born to Howard Brush Dean, Jr., a

  • Dean, Howard Brush, III (American politician)

    Howard Dean, American physician and politician who was governor of Vermont from 1991 to 2002. He ran for the Democratic nomination for the president of the United States in the 2004 election and served as the chair of the Democratic National Committee. Dean was born to Howard Brush Dean, Jr., a

  • Dean, James (American actor)

    James Dean, American film actor who was enshrined as a symbol of the confused, restless, and idealistic youth of the 1950s. Although he made few films before his death in a car accident at age 24, his performances, perhaps most notably in Rebel Without a Cause (1955), have proved enduring. Dean’s

  • Dean, James Byron (American actor)

    James Dean, American film actor who was enshrined as a symbol of the confused, restless, and idealistic youth of the 1950s. Although he made few films before his death in a car accident at age 24, his performances, perhaps most notably in Rebel Without a Cause (1955), have proved enduring. Dean’s

  • Dean, Jay Hanna (American baseball player)

    Dizzy Dean, American professional baseball player who had a brief but spectacular pitching career with the St. Louis Cardinals in the National League. He was one of the most colourful athletes in the history of organized sports. In five outstanding seasons (1932–36), Dean, a right-hander, won 120

  • Dean, Jimmy (American performer and businessman)

    Jimmy Ray Dean, American performer and businessman (born Aug. 10, 1928, Seth Ward, Texas—died June 13, 2010, Varina, Va.), penned (in less than two hours) and recorded the Grammy Award-winning song “Big Bad John” (1961), which showcased Dean’s flair for dramatic recitation and immortalized the

  • Dean, John (United States political adviser)

    John Dean, American lawyer who served as White House counsel (1970–73) during the administration of U.S. Pres. Richard M. Nixon and whose revelation of official participation in the Watergate scandal ultimately led to the resignation of the president and the imprisonment of Dean himself and other

  • Dean, John Wesley, III (United States political adviser)

    John Dean, American lawyer who served as White House counsel (1970–73) during the administration of U.S. Pres. Richard M. Nixon and whose revelation of official participation in the Watergate scandal ultimately led to the resignation of the president and the imprisonment of Dean himself and other

  • Dean, Laura (American dancer and choreographer)

    Mark Morris: as Eliot Feld, Lar Lubovitch, Laura Dean, and Hannah Kahn. In 1980 he launched his company when he and 10 fellow dancers presented a concert of his works, and its reputation was solidified at the Brooklyn Academy of Music’s 1984 Next Wave Festival. Two years later Morris won a Guggenheim…

  • Dean, Paul Dee (American athlete)

    Dizzy Dean: …games and that his brother Paul Dee Dean, also a pitcher for the Cardinals, would win 15. That year Dizzy won exactly 30 and Paul 19. Dizzy then announced: “Who won the pennant? Me and Paul. Who’s going to win the [World] Series? Me and Paul.” Each brother defeated the…

  • Dean, Penny (American athlete)

    swimming: Distance swimming: …7 hours 40 minutes by Penny Dean of the United States, and by the 1990s successful crossings had been made by swimmers as young as 12 and as old as 65. Various swimmers had crossed both ways with only brief rests between the swims. Open-water distance swimming events of 10…

  • Dean, Priscilla (American actress)

    Tod Browning: Early life and work: …nine films with leading actress Priscilla Dean, including the hit The Virgin of Stamboul (1920). The Wicked Darling (1919) marked Browning’s first work with Lon Chaney and starred Dean and Chaney as a pair of pickpockets. Browning, Dean, and Chaney reunited for Outside the Law (1920), a crime story set…

  • Dean, Roger (British artist)

    Yes: …of Yes’s relationship with artist Roger Dean, whose album covers and stage designs defined the group’s visual style. Their sound, which featured Anderson’s falsetto vocals and Howe’s complex guitar supported by Squire’s bass and Wakeman’s multilayered keyboards, further developed with Close to the Edge (1972) and Tales from Topographic Oceans…

  • Dean, William Ralph (British football player)

    Dixie Dean, British football (soccer) player, remembered as one of the great centre forwards of his time. Dean first worked as a railway apprentice but at age 16 turned to professional soccer and at 17 played for the Tranmere Rovers. In the 1924–25 season he scored 27 goals in 27 matches.

  • Deane, Derek (British ballet dancer and choreographer)

    English National Ballet: Schaufuss, Ivan Nagy, Derek Deane, Matz Skoog, and Wayne Eagling. Tamara Rojo was appointed to the position in 2012.

  • Deane, Edna (British dancer and author)

    Edna Deane, (EDNA MORTON SEWELL), British and world champion ballroom dancer, choreographer, author, and cofounder of the Deane School of Dance and Drama (b. Oct. 15, 1905--d. Nov. 22,

  • Deane, Martha (American journalist and broadcaster)

    Mary Margaret McBride, American journalist and broadcaster, perhaps best remembered for the warm down-home personality she projected on her highly popular long-running radio program. McBride moved frequently from farm to farm with her family. Her schooling was similarly episodic until 1906, when

  • Deane, Raymond (Irish composer and pianist)

    Raymond Deane, Irish composer and pianist known for being an outspoken advocate on behalf of contemporary Irish classical composers. Deane was raised on Achill Island and at age 10 moved to Dublin with his family. He began taking piano lessons at the Dublin College of Music, and, according to

  • Deane, Silas (American diplomat)

    Silas Deane, first U.S. diplomat sent abroad (1776), who helped secure much-needed French aid for the American Revolutionary cause. Admitted to the bar in 1761, Deane served as a delegate from Connecticut to the Continental Congress in Philadelphia (1774–76). Congress then sent him to France as a

  • Deanwood (neighborhood, Washington, District of Columbia, United States)

    Washington, D.C.: Northeast: The neighbourhood of Deanwood was established in Northeast in 1888 as a semirural, self-sufficient, racially mixed community. By the mid-20th century it had become a predominately African American neighbourhood.

  • Dear Basketball (film by Keane [2017])

    Kobe Bryant: …Bryant wrote the poem “Dear Basketball,” and two years later it served as the basis for a short film of the same name, which he also narrated. The work won an Academy Award for best animated short film. In 2018 Bryant published the book The Mamba Mentality: How I…

  • Dear Brigitte (film by Koster [1965])

    Brigitte Bardot: … (1963; Contempt), Viva Maria! (1965), Dear Brigitte (1965), and Masculin-Féminin (1966; Masculine Feminine). With her career waning, Bardot appeared in her final films in 1973 and subsequently retired.

  • Dear Heart (film by Mann [1964])

    Delbert Mann: Feature films: …who fall in love in Dear Heart (1964).

  • Dear John (novel by Sparks)

    Nicholas Sparks: …in Rodanthe (2002; film 2008), Dear John (2006; film 2010), The Choice (2007; film 2016), The Last Song (2009; film 2010), The Lucky One (2008; film 2012), The Best of Me (2011; film 2014), and The Longest Ride (2013; film 2015). In 2015 he released the novel See Me,

  • Dear John, Dear Coltrane (poetry by Harper)

    Michael S. Harper: Harper’s first book, Dear John, Dear Coltrane (1970), addresses the theme of redemption in compact poems that are based both on historical events and figures and on his travels and personal relationships. The poetry in History Is Your Own Heartbeat (1971) and Song: I Want a Witness (1972)…

  • Dear Life (short stories by Munro)

    Alice Munro: …her oeuvre, the stories in Dear Life (2012) were unified by examinations of sex, love, and death. Four of the stories in the collection were explicitly framed as fictionalized autobiography meant to encapsulate the aging Munro’s feelings about her life. She told an interviewer that Dear Life, her 14th collection,…

  • Dear Mr. Henshaw (novel by Cleary)

    Beverly Cleary: …Newbery Medal in 1984 for Dear Mr. Henshaw (1983), an epistolary novel about a boy who copes with his parents’ divorce by writing to his favourite author. She also had several of her works adapted for television, and in 2010 Ramona and Beezus, a film adaptation that draws from several…

  • Dear Mr. Wonderful (film by Lilienthal [1982])

    Joe Pesci: …part in the German film Dear Mr. Wonderful (1982), starred with comedian Rodney Dangerfield in Easy Money (1983), and played a mobster in Sergio Leone’s Once Upon a Time in America (1984). Pesci achieved broad popularity with his turn as a comically pestiferous government witness in Lethal Weapon 2 (1989).…

  • Dear Science (album by TV on the Radio)

    TV on the Radio: Dear Science (2008) offered a brightening of the group’s musical textures and lyrics, with an increased focus on hip-hop beats and major-key melodies. It debuted in the upper reaches of the Billboard albums chart and was named album of the year by Rolling Stone and…

  • Dearborn (Michigan, United States)

    Dearborn, city, Wayne county, southeastern Michigan, U.S. Adjacent to Detroit (north and east), it lies on the River Rouge. The birthplace of Henry Ford, it is the headquarters of research, engineering, and manufacturing of the Ford Motor Company. Settled in 1795, it originated as a stagecoach stop

  • Dearborn, Emma (American educator)

    Speedwriting: …in the United States by Emma Dearborn about 1924. In Speedwriting, words are written as they sound, and only long vowels are expressed. Thus, “you” is written u, and “file” is fil. Some letters are modified for speed (e.g., the i is not dotted). The system also uses abbreviations and…

  • Dearborn, Fort (fort, Illinois, United States)

    Fort Dearborn, blockhouse and stockade, built in 1803 because of Indian unrest, at a narrow bend in the Chicago River, northeastern Illinois, U.S., and named for Henry Dearborn, Revolutionary War hero. The fort was evacuated in 1812, but the garrison party was massacred by Potawatomi Indians just

  • Dearborn, Henry (United States general and politician)

    Henry Dearborn, U.S. army officer, congressman, and secretary of war for whom Ft. Dearborn—whose site is located in what is now the heart of Chicago—was named. He abandoned the practice of medicine to fight in the American Revolution, fought at the Battle of Bunker Hill, and was captured during the

  • Dearden, Basil (British director)

    Khartoum: Production notes and credits:

  • Deare, John (British sculptor)

    Western sculpture: Relation to the Baroque and the Rococo: …Nollekens, John Bacon the Elder, John Deare, and Christopher Hewetson, the last two working mostly in Rome. The leading artist of the younger generation was John Flaxman, professor of sculpture at the Royal Academy and one of the few British artists of the period with an international reputation. The last…

  • Dearg, Loch (lake, Ireland)

    Lough Derg, lake on the River Shannon, situated at the boundary of Counties Tipperary, Galway, and Clare, in Ireland. Lough Derg is 24 miles (39 km) long and 0.5 to 8 miles (1 to 13 km) wide. It is 37 square miles (96 square km) in area, with a maximum depth of 119 feet (36 m). The lake has many

  • Dearie, Blossom Margrete (American singer)

    Blossom Margrete Dearie, American singer (born April 28, 1924, East Durham, N.Y.—died Feb. 7, 2009, New York, N.Y.), attracted a cult following with her wispy jazz vocals and her stylish piano accompaniment; she was especially noted for her rendition of the songs “I’m Hip” and “Peel Me a Grape” and

  • Dearmer, Geoffrey (British poet)

    Geoffrey Dearmer, British poet who wrote verse based on his experiences as a soldier during World War I; his poetry was largely forgotten for 70 years until the 1993 publication of the collection titled A Pilgrim’s Song (b. March 21, 1893--d. Aug. 18,

  • Deary, Ian (British psychologist)

    human intelligence: Cognitive theories: …work of the British psychologist Ian Deary, among others. He argued that inspection time is a particularly useful means of measuring intelligence. It is thought that individual differences in intelligence may derive in part from differences in the rate of intake and processing of simple stimulus information. In the inspection-time…

  • Deason, Muriel Ellen (American singer and songwriter)

    Kitty Wells, American country music singer and songwriter who was the first female star of the genre. Deason sang gospel music in church as a child. In the 1930s she made her radio debut and took her stage name, Kitty Wells, from a Carter Family song. She married Johnny Wright in 1937, and they

  • deastres de la guerra, Los (print series by Goya)

    caricature and cartoon: Spain: …de la guerra” (1810–14, “Disasters of War”), which used the Peninsular phase of the Napoleonic Wars as a point of departure. They are closer to universality than even Callot’s similarly inspired series and are searching comments on more stages of cruelty than Hogarth covered. In them, Goya was really…

  • Déat, Marcel (French politician)

    Marcel Déat, French politician who was a leading collaborator with Nazi Germany. A brilliant student, Deat graduated from the école Normale and taught philosophy in Reims. In 1926 he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies as a Socialist but broke with the party in 1932 in opposition to Léon Blum’s

  • death

    Death, the total cessation of life processes that eventually occurs in all living organisms. The state of human death has always been obscured by mystery and superstition, and its precise definition remains controversial, differing according to culture and legal systems. During the latter half of

  • death adder (reptile)

    adder: Although death adders (Acanthophis) are related to the slender-bodied cobras, they are viperlike in appearance, with thick bodies, short tails, and broad heads. They are about 45 to 90 cm (18 to 35 inches) long and are gray or brownish with darker crosswise bands. Death adders…

  • Death and Dying Words of Poor Maillie, The (poem by Burns)

    Robert Burns: Development as a poet: …“An Address to the Deil,” “The Death and Dying Words of Poor Maillie,” “To a Mouse,” “To a Louse,” and some others, including a number of verse letters addressed to various friends. There were also a few Scots poems in which he was unable to sustain his inspiration or that…

  • Death and Fire (painting by Klee)

    Paul Klee: Artistic maturity: …to their former selves, and Death and Fire (1940), Klee’s evocation of the underworld, in which a rueful face of death is placed in an infernal setting of fiery red. These late images are among the most memorable of all Klee’s works and are some of the most significant depictions…

  • Death and Life of Great American Cities, The (work by Jacobs)

    Jane Jacobs: …published her first full-length book, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, a brash and passionate reinterpretation of the multiple needs of modern urban places. The book, translated into several languages, established her as a force to be reckoned with by planners and economists. The Economy of Cities (1969)…

  • Death and Life of John F. Donovan, The (film by Dolan [2018])

    Natalie Portman: … (2018), but her next movies, The Death and Life of John F. Donovan (2018) and Lucy in the Sky (2019), were not well received. In 2020 she narrated the family documentary Dolphin Reef.

  • Death and the Joyful Woman (work by Peters)

    Ellis Peters: In Death and the Joyful Woman (1961), he returns as a 16-year-old whose girlfriend is connected with murder; the novel, like the many Felse family mysteries that followed it, was published under the name Ellis Peters.

  • Death and the King’s Horseman (play by Soyinka)

    Wole Soyinka: …Specialists (performed 1970; published 1971), Death and the King’s Horseman (1975), and The Beatification of Area Boy (1995). In these and Soyinka’s other dramas, Western elements are skillfully fused with subject matter and dramatic techniques deeply rooted in Yoruba folklore and religion. Symbolism, flashback, and ingenious plotting contribute to a…

  • Death and the Maiden (film by Polanski [1994])

    Roman Polanski: … (1992), an erotic comedy; and Death and the Maiden (1994), a psychological drama adapted from a play by the Chilean author Ariel Dorfman. In 1989 Polanski married the French actress Emmanuelle Seigner, who starred in his films Frantic (1988), Bitter Moon (1992), The Ninth Gate (1999), La Vénus à la…

  • Death and the Maiden (play by Dorfman)

    Ariel Dorfman: …muerte y la doncella (1990; Death and the Maiden), perhaps his best-known work, was completed in Chile as he observed his country’s painful transition from authoritarianism to democracy. The politically charged play follows Paulina Salas, a former political prisoner in an unnamed Latin American country, whose husband unknowingly brings home…

  • Death and the Ploughman (work by Johannes von Tepl)

    Johannes von Tepl: 1400; Death and the Ploughman), the first important prose work in the German language.

  • Death and Transfiguration (work by Strauss)

    Richard Strauss: Works: …poem Tod und Verkl?rung (1888–89; Death and Transfiguration), in which a dying man surveys his life and ideals. The rondo form is used in the tone poem Till Eulenspiegels lustige Streiche (1894–95; Till Eulenspiegel’s Merry Pranks), wherein Strauss found the exact instrumental sounds and colours to depict the 14th-century rogue…

  • Death as a Way of Life (novel by Ayala)

    Francisco Ayala: …novels, Muertes de perro (1958; Death as a Way of Life) and El fondo del vaso (1962; “The Bottom of the Glass”). His later works include the short-story collections El jardín de las delicias (1971; “Garden of Delights”) and El jardín de las malicias (1988; “Garden of Malice”). In 1991…

  • Death as Conqueror over the Barricades (work by Rethel)

    Alfred Rethel: …most famous of his series, “Death as Conqueror over the Barricades” (1848), shows a skeleton on horseback leading revolutionaries past corpses and mourners. In its precision of line and mood, it is reminiscent of Albrecht Dürer’s drawings.

  • Death at a Funeral (film by LaBute [2010])

    Chris Rock: He next appeared in Death at a Funeral (2010), a comedy about a chaotic funeral, and Grown Ups (2010), in which he, Sandler, and several other comedians played high-school friends reuniting as adults; a sequel followed in 2013.

  • Death Becomes Her (film by Zemeckis [1992])

    Goldie Hawn: …Martin; Robert Zemeckis’s dark comedy Death Becomes Her (1992), with Meryl Streep and Bruce Willis; and The First Wives Club (1996), with Bette Midler and Diane Keaton. Hawn played a groupie in middle age in The Banger Sisters (2002), with Susan Sarandon, and, after a long hiatus, she

  • Death by Water (novel by ōe Kenzaburō)

    ōe Kenzaburō: In Suishi (2009; Death by Water) the writer Kogito Choko—ōe’s alter ego, who appears in previous works—attempts to pen a novel about his father’s death. ōe later published In reito sutairu (2013; “In Late Style”).

  • Death Cab for Cutie (American rock group)

    Death Cab for Cutie, American indie rock group that helped define the emo genre of music in the early 2000s. Original members were lead singer Ben Gibbard (b. August 11, 1976, Bremerton, Washington, U.S.), guitarist Chris Walla (b. November 2, 1975, Bothell, Washington), bassist Nick Harmer (b.

  • death camp (Nazi concentration camp)

    Extermination camp, Nazi German concentration camp that specialized in the mass annihilation (Vernichtung) of unwanted persons in the Third Reich and conquered territories. The camps’ victims were mostly Jews but also included Roma (Gypsies), Slavs, homosexuals, alleged mental defectives, and

  • death cap (mushroom)

    mushroom poisoning: …cause poisoning are Amanita muscaria, A. phalloides, and the four white Amanita species called destroying angels. The ingestion of A. muscaria (fly agaric), which contains muscarine and other toxic alkaloids, is soon followed by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, excessive salivation, perspiration, watering of the eyes, slowed and difficult breathing, dilated pupils,…

  • Death Certificate (album by Ice Cube)

    Ice Cube: Solo career: The first, Death Certificate, contained two of Ice Cube’s most controversial songs, namely “No Vaseline”—an N.W.A diss track—and “Black Korea.” The first was a response to insults thrown at Ice Cube on the N.W.A EP 100 Miles and Runnin’ and the album Efil4zaggin (or Niggaz4Life). “No Vaseline”…

  • Death Claims (novel by Hansen)

    Dave Brandstetter: Death Claims (1973) is about surviving the death of a lover. Brandstetter investigates the murder of the owner of a gay bar in Troublemaker (1975). In Early Graves (1987) he comes out of retirement to trace a serial killer who murders victims of AIDS. The…

  • Death Comes for the Archbishop (novel by Cather)

    Death Comes for the Archbishop, novel by Willa Cather, published in 1927. The novel is based on the lives of Bishop Jean Baptiste L’Amy and his vicar Father Joseph Machebeut and is considered emblematic of the author’s moral and spiritual concerns. Death Comes for the Archbishop traces the

  • Death Comes to Pemberley (novel by James)

    P.D. James: Her final work, Death Comes to Pemberley (2011)—a sequel to Pride and Prejudice (1813)—amplifies the class and relationship tensions between Jane Austen’s characters by situating them in the midst of a murder investigation. James’s nonfiction works include The Maul and the Pear Tree (1971), a telling of the…

  • death cup (mushroom)

    mushroom poisoning: …cause poisoning are Amanita muscaria, A. phalloides, and the four white Amanita species called destroying angels. The ingestion of A. muscaria (fly agaric), which contains muscarine and other toxic alkaloids, is soon followed by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, excessive salivation, perspiration, watering of the eyes, slowed and difficult breathing, dilated pupils,…

  • death duty (taxation)

    Sir William Harcourt: …the total estate of a deceased person, Harcourt’s legislation of 1894 was capable of producing much more revenue than taxes only on the amounts inherited by beneficiaries. The new death duties were enacted over the opposition of Rosebery and Gladstone, who believed that easily increased taxes would encourage frivolous governmental…

  • Death Fugue (poem by Celan)

    German literature: The post-1945 period: Stunde Null: Celan’s poem “Todesfuge” (“Death Fugue,” from his collection Mohn und Ged?chtnis [1952; “Poppy and Memory”]) is perhaps the best-known poem of the entire postwar period. Gottfried Benn’s lecture “Probleme der Lyrik” (1951; “Problems of the Lyric”), essentially a restatement of the formalist precepts of early 20th-century Modernism, enabled…

  • Death in the Afternoon (work by Hemingway)

    Ernest Hemingway: …passion for bullfighting resulted in Death in the Afternoon (1932), a learned study of a spectacle he saw more as tragic ceremony than as sport. Similarly, a safari he took in 1933–34 in the big-game region of Tanganyika resulted in Green Hills of Africa (1935), an account of big-game hunting.…

  • Death in the Family, A (novel by Agee)

    A Death in the Family, novel by James Agee about a family’s reactions to the accidental death of the father. The novel, published in 1957, was praised as one of the best examples of American autobiographical fiction, and it won a Pulitzer Prize in 1958. As told through the eyes of six-year-old

  • Death in the Family, A (novel by Knausgaard)

    Karl Ove Knausgaard: When the first volume of Min kamp—sometimes titled in English A Death in the Family—was published in Norway, his father’s family threatened him with a lawsuit for his scandalous depiction of his father and grandmother. Yet his readership exploded. Publication of the second volume, whose English-language subtitle was A Man…

  • Death in the Sick Room (painting by Munch)

    Edvard Munch: Paintings of love and death: …they are equally apparent in Death in the Sick Room (1893–95), one of his many paintings about death. Here the focus is not on the dying child, who is not even visible, but on the living, each wrapped in their own experience of grief and unable to communicate or offer…

  • Death in Venice (novella by Mann)

    Death in Venice, novella by Thomas Mann, published in German as Der Tod in Venedig in 1912. A symbol-laden story of aestheticism and decadence, Mann’s best-known novella exemplifies the author’s regard for Sigmund Freud’s writings on the unconscious. Gustav von Aschenbach is a revered author whose

  • Death in Venice (film by Visconti)

    theatre music: Music for motion pictures: …Italian film director Luchino Visconti’s Death in Venice, four repetitions of a long passage from the Adagietto movement of Gustav Mahler’s Symphony No. 5 achieved a different expressive purpose in association with the visual scene each time it was heard.

  • death instinct (psychology)

    libido: …instinct, libido was opposed by thanatos, the death instinct and source of destructive urges; the interaction of the two produced all the variations of human activity. Freud considered psychiatric symptoms the result of misdirection or inadequate discharge of libido.

  • Death Is a Lonely Business (work by Bradbury)

    Ray Bradbury: Later work and awards: …returned to the genre with Death Is a Lonely Business (1985), an homage to the detective stories of writers such as Raymond Chandler and Dashiell Hammett mixed with an autobiographical setting of 1949 Venice, California, where Bradbury lived at the time. Two sequels, A Graveyard for Lunatics (1990) and Let’s…

  • Death Magnetic (album by Metallica)

    Metallica: … for their ninth studio album, Death Magnetic (2008), and the single “My Apocalypse” earned the band its sixth Grammy Award for best metal performance. The group then teamed with Lou Reed for the audacious but critically reviled Lulu (2011), a two-disc collection inspired by the plays of German dramatist Frank…

  • death mask

    Death mask, a wax or plaster cast of a mold taken from the face of a dead individual. Death masks are true portraits, although changes are occasionally made in the eyes of the mask to make it appear as though the subject were alive. From the time of ancient Egypt they have served as aids to

  • Death of a Gunfighter (American film)

    Don Siegel: Films with Eastwood: …he replaced Robert Totten on Death of a Gunfighter (1969), which featured Widmark again. However, both Siegel and Totten had their names removed from the film, and it was released with the credit Allen Smithee—the standard pseudonym for work disowned by its director.

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