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  • duumviri (ancient Roman politics)

    Duoviri, in ancient Rome, a magistracy of two men. Duoviri perduellionis were two judges, selected by the chief magistrate, who tried cases of crime against the state. Duoviri navales, at first appointed but later popularly elected (311–178 bc), had charge of a fleet. The two chief magistrates of

  • Duun, Olav (Norwegian writer)

    Olav Duun, novelist who is one of the outstanding writers of 20th-century Norwegian fiction. Duun, a former cattle herder and fisherman, entered a teacher’s college at age 26. He worked as a teacher in Holmestrand on the Oslo Fjord until 1927, when he retired to devote himself to writing. His many

  • Duval, Claude (French highwayman)

    Claude Duval, celebrated Norman-born highwayman of Restoration England, popularized as a gallant cavalier. Duval entered domestic service in Paris when he was 14 and made friends with the English exiles in Paris who were waiting for the Restoration; when Charles II returned to England in 1660,

  • Duval, David (American golfer)

    British Open: History: …including Paul Lawrie in 1999, David Duval in 2001, Ben Curtis in 2003, and Padraig Harrington in 2007.

  • Duval, Jeanne (mistress of Baudelaire)

    Charles Baudelaire: Early life: …South Seas that Baudelaire met Jeanne Duval, who, first as his mistress and then, after the mid-1850s, as his financial charge, was to dominate his life for the next 20 years. Jeanne would inspire Baudelaire’s most anguished and sensual love poetry, her perfume and, above all, her magnificent flowing black…

  • Duval, Marie (French cartoonist and actress)

    comic strip: The 19th century: …Ross, it was his wife, Marie Duval (pseudonym of the French actress Emilie de Tessier), Europe’s first (and still obstinately unrecognized) professional woman cartoonist, who developed the character Ally Sloper. Featured in roughly 130 strips in Judy—an imitator of Punch magazine—and in albums published separately between 1869 and the 1880s,…

  • Duval, Sir Gaetan (Mauritian politician)

    Sir Gaetan Duval, Mauritian politician noted for his flamboyant style and a penchant for making unpredictable swings toward the left or right; he served in the Legislative Assembly and held numerous cabinet posts (b. Oct. 9, 1930--d. May 5,

  • Duvalier, Fran?ois (president of Haiti)

    Fran?ois Duvalier, president of Haiti whose 14-year regime was of unprecedented duration in that country. Duvalier graduated in 1934 from the University of Haiti School of Medicine, where he served as a hospital staff physician until 1943, when he became prominently active in the U.S.-sponsored

  • Duvalier, Jean-Claude (president of Haiti)

    Jean-Claude Duvalier, president of Haiti from 1971 to 1986. The only son of Fran?ois (“Papa Doc”) Duvalier, Jean-Claude succeeded his father as president for life in April 1971, becoming at age 19 the youngest president in the world. Partly because of pressure from the United States to moderate the

  • Duvalier, Simone (Haitian first lady)

    Simone Duvalier, Haitian political figure who presided as first lady of the country as the wife ("Mama Doc") of Haitian dictator Fran?ois ("Papa Doc") Duvalier, the brutal and corrupt leader of Haiti from 1957 to 1971, and as the mother of Jean-Claude, who was a teenager when he succeeded to the

  • Duvall, Gabriel (United States jurist)

    Gabriel Duvall, associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1811–35). Duvall, the great-grandson of Marin (Mareen) Du Val (Duval), a merchant and wealthy planter who emigrated to Maryland from Nantes in the mid-17th century, was the sixth child of Benjamin Duvall and Susanna Tyler

  • Duvall, Robert (American actor)

    Robert Duvall, American actor noted for his ability to quietly inhabit any characters, particularly average working people, bringing them fully but subtly to life. In the words of critic Elaine Mancini, Duvall was “the most technically proficient, the most versatile, and the most convincing actor

  • Duvall, Robert Seldon (American actor)

    Robert Duvall, American actor noted for his ability to quietly inhabit any characters, particularly average working people, bringing them fully but subtly to life. In the words of critic Elaine Mancini, Duvall was “the most technically proficient, the most versatile, and the most convincing actor

  • Duvall, Shelley (American actress)

    Annie Hall: …a date with Pam (Shelley Duvall), but when they are in bed together, Annie calls Alvy to tell him that there is an emergency. Alvy goes to Annie to deal with the crisis (two spiders in her bathroom), and they reconcile.

  • Duvdevani’s gauge (measurement instrument)

    dew: …Leick’s plates are weighed, whereas Duvdevani’s gauge involves the use of an optical dew scale. Other investigators developed recording dew balances whose surface and exposure conform with the surrounding surface as far as possible. It is by means of such dew balances that one can best observe the phenomenon of…

  • Duve, Christian René de (Belgian biochemist)

    Christian René de Duve, Belgian cytologist and biochemist who discovered lysosomes (the digestive organelles of the cell) and peroxisomes (organelles that are the site of metabolic processes involving hydrogen peroxide). For this work he shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1974

  • Duveen of Millbank, Joseph Duveen, Baron (British art dealer)

    Joseph Duveen, Baron Duveen of Millbank, British international art dealer who wielded enormous influence on art tastes in his time, especially in the United States. The son of Sir Joseph Joel Duveen, of Dutch-Jewish descent, who established the family art business in London in 1877, Duveen began as

  • Duveneck, Frank (American painter)

    Frank Duveneck, American painter, sculptor, and art teacher who helped awaken American interest in European naturalism. At age 21 Duveneck studied in Germany with Wilhelm Dietz at the Munich Academy and was greatly influenced by the works of Frans Hals, Rembrandt, and Peter Paul Rubens. His success

  • Duverger’s law (political science)

    political science: Post-World War II trends and debates: …generalization was later called “Duverger’s law.” The French sociologist Michel Crozier’s The Bureaucratic Phenomenon (1964) found that Weber’s idealized bureaucracy is quite messy, political, and varied. Each bureaucracy is a political subculture; what is rational and routine in one bureau may be quite different in another. Crozier thus influenced…

  • Duverger, Maurice (French political scientist)

    political science: Post-World War II trends and debates: The French political scientist Maurice Duverger’s Political Parties (1951) is still highly regarded, not only for its classification of parties but also for its linking of party systems with electoral systems. Duverger argued that single-member-district electoral systems that require only a plurality to win election tend to produce two-party…

  • Duvergier de Hauranne, Jean, Abbé de Saint-Cyran (French abbot)

    Jean Duvergier de Hauranne, abbé de Saint-Cyran, French abbot of Saint-Cyran and a founder of the Jansenist movement. His opposition to Cardinal de Richelieu’s policies caused his imprisonment. Duvergier studied theology at Leuven (Louvain), Belg., then settled in Paris after taking holy orders.

  • Duverney, Joseph Paris (French financier)

    Voltaire: Life with Mme du Chatelet: …fortune through the manipulations of Joseph Paris Duverney, the financier in charge of military supplies, who was favoured by Mme de Pompadour. In this ambience of well-being, he began a liaison with his niece Mme Denis, a charming widow, without breaking off his relationship with Mme du Chatelet.

  • Duvet, Jean (French engraver)

    Jean Duvet, French engraver whose style and subject matter had roots in the Middle Ages and in Florentine Mannerism and foreshadowed the highly charged work of late 16th-century France. He painted religious and mystical works at a time when his contemporaries were predominantly concerned with court

  • Duveyrier, Henri (French explorer)

    Henri Duveyrier, French explorer of the Sahara whose observations of the Tuareg people contributed to African ethnology; his explorations, which took him from Morocco to Tunisia through the region south of the Atlas Mountains, also were useful in the development of plans for French colonial

  • Duvivier, Benjamin (French artist)

    medal: The Baroque period: …century, especially the work of Benjamin Duvivier (1728–1819) for King Louis XVI, combined Rococo elegance with realism. Duvivier’s work included commissions from the U.S. Congress. The Napoleonic regime ordered an elaborate Histoire métallique. The Duvivier era saw the introduction of steam-powered presses for coin and medal making, perfected by the…

  • Duvivier, Julien Henri Nicolas (French director)

    Julien Duvivier, motion-picture director who emerged as one of the “Big Five” of the French cinema in the 1930s. Duvivier’s use of “poetic realism,” which characterized the works of the avant-garde filmmakers of that decade, won him international acclaim. Duvivier, who was educated at a Jesuit

  • Duwa (Chagatai khan)

    history of Central Asia: Mongol rule: …1301, however, the Chagataid khan Duwa hastened to make peace with his Mongol kin in both Iran and China.

  • Duwaym, Al- (Sudan)

    Al-Duwaym, city, central Sudan. It lies on the western bank of the White Nile River, about 87 miles (140 km) southwest of Wad Madanī, located at an elevation of 1,253 feet (382 metres). It is an agricultural centre for the surrounding area, which produces cotton, cereals, oilseeds, peanuts

  • Duwlat-ul?, Mir Jaqib (Kazakh author)

    Kazakhstan: Cultural life: …along with Aliqan Nūrmuhambet Bokeyqan-ul?, Mir Jaqib Duwlat-ul?, and, later, Maghjan Jumabay-ul?, represented the cream of Kazakh modernism in literature, publishing, and cultural politics in the reformist decades before Sovietization set in after 1920. All these figures disappeared into Soviet prisons and never returned, as a result of Joseph Stalin’s…

  • dux (title)

    Duke, a European title of nobility, having ordinarily the highest rank below a prince or king (except in countries having such titles as archduke or grand duke). The title of dux, given by the Romans to high military commanders with territorial responsibilities, was assumed by the barbarian

  • Duxbury (Massachusetts, United States)

    Duxbury, town (township), Plymouth county, eastern Massachusetts, U.S. It lies on Duxbury Bay (an inlet of Cape Cod Bay), 33 miles (53 km) south of Boston, and includes the villages of Duxbury and South Duxbury. Settled about 1628, it counts among its founders the Pilgrim colonists Myles Standish,

  • Duy Tan (emperor of Vietnam)

    Duy Tan, emperor of Vietnam from 1907 to 1916 and symbol of the Vietnamese anticolonialist movement against the French before and during World War I; he became an officer and decorated hero in the French army during World War II. Vinh San was the son of Emperor Thanh Thai, who was deposed by the

  • Duyckinck, Evert Augustus (American literary critic)

    Evert Augustus Duyckinck, American biographer, editor, and critic who with such works as the two-volume Cyclopaedia of American Literature (1855, supplement 1866), written with his younger brother George Long Duyckinck (1823–63), focused scholarly attention on American writing and contributed to

  • Duyun (China)

    Duyun, city, central Guizhou sheng (province), southern China. It is situated on the Jian River, some 60 miles (100 km) southeast of the provincial capital of Guiyang. Duyun is a transport centre, with a highway route running eastward into Hunan province and a main route, followed by a highway and

  • Duzong (emperor of Song dynasty)

    China: The chief councillors: … (reigned 1224/25–1264) and his successor Duzong (reigned 1264/65–1274) indulged excessively in pleasure, though much of it was carefully concealed from the public. Shortly after the death of Shi Miyuan, the role of chief councillor went to Jia Sidao, who, though he was denounced in history, actually deserves much credit. He…

  • Dvādasá-dvāra-?āstra (work by Nāgārjuna)

    Mādhyamika: …the Middle Way”) and the Dvādasá-dvāra-?āstra (“Twelve Gates Treatise”) by Nāgārjuna and the ?ataka-?āstra (“One Hundred Verses Treatise”), attributed to his pupil āryadeva.

  • Dvadtsat shest i odna (work by Gorky)

    Maxim Gorky: First stories: “Dvadtsat shest i odna” (1899; “Twenty-Six Men and a Girl”), describing the sweated labour conditions in a bakery, is often regarded as his best short story. So great was the success of these works that Gorky’s reputation quickly soared, and he began to be spoken…

  • Dvaita (Hindu philosophy)

    Dvaita, (Sanskrit: “Dualism”) an important school in Vedanta, one of the six philosophical systems (darshans) of Indian philosophy. Its founder was Madhva, also called Anandatirtha (c. 1199–1278), who came from the area of modern Karnataka state, where he still has many followers. Already during

  • Dvāpara Yuga (Hindu chronology)

    chronology: Eras based on astronomical speculation: …the three others, the Tretā, Dvāpara, and Kali yugas. The respective durations of these four yugas were 1,728,000, 1,296,000, 864,000, and 432,000 years. According to the astronomer Aryabhata, however, the duration of each of the four yugas was the same—i.e., 1,080,000 years. The basic figures in these calculations were derived…

  • Dvaraka (India)

    Dwarka, town, southwestern Gujarat state, west-central India. It lies on the western shore of the Okhamandal Peninsula, a small western extension of the Kathiawar Peninsula. Dwarka was the legendary capital of the god Krishna, who founded it after his flight from Mathura. Its consequent sanctity

  • Dvaravati (ancient kingdom, Asia)

    Dvaravati, ancient kingdom of Southeast Asia that flourished from the 6th to the late 11th century. It was the first Mon kingdom established in what is now Thailand and played an important role as a propagator of Indian culture. Situated in the lower Chao Phraya River valley, Dvaravati extended

  • Dvaravati (India)

    Dwarka, town, southwestern Gujarat state, west-central India. It lies on the western shore of the Okhamandal Peninsula, a small western extension of the Kathiawar Peninsula. Dwarka was the legendary capital of the god Krishna, who founded it after his flight from Mathura. Its consequent sanctity

  • Dv?rgen (novel by Lagerkvist)

    The Dwarf, novel by P?r Lagerkvist, published in Swedish in 1944 as Dv?rgen. Set during the Italian Renaissance and cast in the form of a journal, it is a study of the psychology of evil. The narrator, Piccoline, always referred to as “the Dwarf,” is a minor retainer at the court of an Italian

  • DVC (Indian corporation)

    Burdwan: The Damodar Valley Corporation provides irrigation, industrial power supply, and flood control. Rice, corn (maize), legumes, and oilseeds are the chief crops in the east. Pop. (2001) city, 285,602; (2011) city, 314,265.

  • DVD (technology)

    DVD, type of optical disc used for data storage and as a platform for multimedia. Its most prominent commercial application is for playing back recorded motion pictures and television programs (hence the designation “digital video disc”), though read-only, recordable, and even erasable and

  • DVD player (technology)

    Television in the United States: The new technologies: …HDTV set for use with DVD players and video-gaming devices. As the decade progressed, however, more and more television programming was being produced in high definition, and more stations were upgrading their facilities to be able to broadcast in HD. For all the advances in Internet technologies, Nielsen ratings data…

  • DVD recorder (technology)

    Television in the United States: The new technologies: …HDTV set for use with DVD players and video-gaming devices. As the decade progressed, however, more and more television programming was being produced in high definition, and more stations were upgrading their facilities to be able to broadcast in HD. For all the advances in Internet technologies, Nielsen ratings data…

  • Dve Knigi (work by Peresvetov)

    Ivan Semenovich Peresvetov: In 1549 he presented his Two Books (Dve Knigi) to Tsar Ivan IV the Terrible. These works were ostensibly an account of the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople by Sultan Mehmed II but actually provided a covert, allegorical denunciation of the privileges still enjoyed by the boyars. Peresvetov’s support of the…

  • Dvenadtsat (work by Blok)

    Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Blok: …novel in verse Dvenadtsat (1918; The Twelve) and the poem “Skify” (1918; “The Scythians”). Many early readers of The Twelve regarded its depiction of Christ in revolutionary Petrograd as blasphemous, but through it Blok expressed vividly the mood of the time. He quickly became disillusioned with the Bolshevik government, however,…

  • Dvenadtsat stulyev (work by Ilf and Petrov)

    Ilf and Petrov: …their collaboration, Dvenadtsat stulyev (The Twelve Chairs), a rollicking picaresque novel of farcical adventures within a framework of telling satire on Soviet life during the New Economic Policy (NEP) period. The work was an instant success, and its rogue-hero—the irrepressible Ostap Bender—became overnight, and remained, one of the most…

  • dvergar (mythology)

    Dwarf, an individual who is much below the ordinary stature or size for his ethnic group or species. (For the physiology of dwarf human beings, see dwarfism. See also Pygmy.) In Teutonic and especially Scandinavian mythology and folklore, the term dwarf (Old Norse: dvergr) denoted a species of

  • dvija (Hinduism)

    Dvija, (Sanskrit: “twice-born”) in the Hindu social system, members of the three upper varnas, or social classes—the Brahmans (priests and teachers), Kshatriyas (warriors), and Vaishyas (merchants)—whose sacrament of initiation is regarded as a second or spiritual birth. The initiation ceremony

  • Dvin, Council of (Christianity)

    Armenian Apostolic Church: In 506 at the Council of Dvin, the Armenian church rejected the ruling of the Council of Chalcedon (451) that the one person of Jesus Christ consists of two natures, one divine and one human. The Armenian church was one of several Eastern churches that confessed the Christological formula…

  • Dvina River (river, Russia)

    Northern Dvina River, river formed by the junction of the Sukhona and Yug rivers at the city of Velikiy Ustyug, in Vologod oblast (province) of Russia. The Northern Dvina is one of the largest and most important waterways of the northern European portion of Russia. It flows 462 miles (744 km) in a

  • Dvina River (river, Europe)

    Western Dvina River, major river of Latvia and northern Belarus. It rises in the Valdai Hills and flows 632 miles (1,020 km) in a great arc south and southwest through Russia and Belarus and then turns northwest prior to crossing Latvia. It discharges into the Gulf of Riga on the Baltic Sea. Its

  • Dvinsk (Latvia)

    Daugavpils, city, southeastern Latvia. It lies along the Western Dvina (Daugava) River. In the 1270s the Brothers of the Sword, a branch of the Teutonic Knights, founded the fortress of Dünaburg, 12 miles (19 km) above the modern site. The fortress and adjoining town were destroyed, and then

  • dvipa chakravartin (Indian ruler)

    chakravartin: , a universal monarch); dvipa chakravartin, a ruler who governs only one of those continents and is, therefore, less powerful than the first; and pradesha chakravartin, a monarch who leads the people of only a part of a continent, the equivalent of a local king. The first reference to…

  • Dvorak, Ann (American actress)

    Scarface: The Shame of a Nation: …his headstrong younger sister (Ann Dvorak) was unusual for films of the time, as it displayed strongly incestuous undertones.

  • Dvo?ák, Antonín (Bohemian composer)

    Antonín Dvo?ák, first Bohemian composer to achieve worldwide recognition, noted for turning folk material into 19th-century Romantic music. Dvo?ák was born, the first of nine children, in Nelahozeves, a Bohemian (now Czech) village on the Vltava River north of Prague. He came to know music early,

  • Dvo?ák, Antonín Leopold (Bohemian composer)

    Antonín Dvo?ák, first Bohemian composer to achieve worldwide recognition, noted for turning folk material into 19th-century Romantic music. Dvo?ák was born, the first of nine children, in Nelahozeves, a Bohemian (now Czech) village on the Vltava River north of Prague. He came to know music early,

  • Dvo?ák, Jan Ka?par (French mime)

    Jean-Gaspard Deburau, Bohemian-born French pantomime actor, who transformed the character of Pierrot in the traditional harlequinade. Born into a family of acrobats, Deburau from an early age performed with them on European tour and at age 15 joined the Théatre des Funambules, a company of

  • Dvo?ák, Max (German art critic)

    Western painting: The hallmarks of Mannerism: …by the German art historian Max Dvo?ák in his book über Greco und der Manierismus (1921), these 16th-century nonconformists came to be known as Mannerists. Recent historians have suggested, however, that the term Mannerism can more accurately be applied to a very different style initiated in Rome about 1520. Roman…

  • dvoriane (Russian prince’s retinue)

    druzhina: …and collectively assumed the name dvoriane (courtiers). During the period of Mongol rule (after 1240), the term druzhina fell out of use. See also boyar.

  • Dvorsky, Michel (American pianist and composer)

    Josef Casimir Hofmann, Polish-born American pianist, especially noted for his glittering performances of the music of Frédéric Chopin. He gave his first concert at the age of 6 and toured the United States at 11. Later he studied with two leading pianists of the late 19th century, Moritz Moszkowski

  • Dvoynik (novel by Dostoyevsky)

    The Double, novel by Fyodor Dostoyevsky, published in 1846 in Russian as Dvoynik. It is a classic of doppelg?nger literature. The Double is the first of many works by Dostoyevsky to reveal his fascination with psychological doubles. The morbidly sensitive and pretentious clerk Golyadkin, already

  • DVP (political party, Germany)

    German People’s Party (Deutsche Volkspartei; DVP), right-liberal political party founded by Gustav Stresemann in 1918, made up largely of the educated and propertied. Since Stresemann was essentially a monarchist, when he decided to cooperate with the Weimar Republic the DVP was at first excluded

  • DVR (technology)

    Television in the United States: The new technologies: Digital video recorders (DVRs) appeared on the market in 1999 from ReplayTV and TiVo. These digital set-top devices allowed users to record television programs without the use of videotape. More versatile than the VCR, recording set-up and playback was also significantly easier. By mid-decade, video…

  • DVU (political party, Germany)

    Germany: Fringe parties: …rightist Republican Party and the DVU were the most visible of Germany’s fringe parties. With their tiny memberships, neither of these parties has been able to surmount the 5 percent barrier in national elections. The National Democratic Party of Germany (Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands; NPD), the oldest of the country’s right-wing…

  • Dv?r Králové nad Labem (Czech Republic)

    Dv?r Králové nad Labem, city, north-central Czech Republic. The city lies just north of Hradec Králové, on the left bank of the Elbe (Czech: Labe) River. The name in both Czech and German (K?niginhof an der Elbe) means ”the court of the queen on the Elbe,” recalling the founding of the town by King

  • Dwa climate (climatology)

    humid continental climate: …the humid continental climate (Dwa, Dwb) occurs. This climate type has a pronounced summer precipitation maximum and a cold, dry winter dominated by continental polar air diverging out of the nearby Siberian anticyclone.

  • dwale (plant)

    Belladonna, (Atropa belladonna), tall bushy herb of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), the source of the crude drug of the same name. The highly poisonous plant is a native of wooded or waste areas in central and southern Eurasia. It grows to about 1.5 metres (4–5 feet) tall and has dull green

  • Dwan, Allan (American director)

    Allan Dwan , American director with more than 400 known feature films and short productions to his credit. Along with the more-celebrated Cecil B. DeMille, Dwan was one of the few directors who made the transition from the days of the one-reelers in the 1910s through the glory days of the studio

  • Dwan, Joseph Aloysius (American director)

    Allan Dwan , American director with more than 400 known feature films and short productions to his credit. Along with the more-celebrated Cecil B. DeMille, Dwan was one of the few directors who made the transition from the days of the one-reelers in the 1910s through the glory days of the studio

  • Dwangwa River (river, Mala?i)

    Dwangwa River, river in Mala?i that is a tributary of Lake Nyasa. It rises in the western watershed of Mala?i’s central plateau and flows in a northeasterly direction for about 100 miles (160 km) until it enters the lake. The river’s upper reaches exhibit ancient broad valleys and meanders, while

  • dwarf (mythology)

    Dwarf, an individual who is much below the ordinary stature or size for his ethnic group or species. (For the physiology of dwarf human beings, see dwarfism. See also Pygmy.) In Teutonic and especially Scandinavian mythology and folklore, the term dwarf (Old Norse: dvergr) denoted a species of

  • dwarf (medical condition)

    Dwarfism, condition of growth retardation resulting in abnormally short adult stature and caused by a variety of hereditary and metabolic disorders. Traditionally, the term “dwarf” was used to describe individuals with disproportions of body and limb, while “midget” referred to those of reduced

  • dwarf anteater (mammal)

    anteater: The silky anteater: Also known as the two-toed, pygmy, or dwarf anteater, the silky anteater (Cyclopes didactylus) is the smallest and least-known member of the family. The silky anteater is found from southern Mexico southward to Bolivia and Brazil. It is not rare but is difficult…

  • dwarf antelope (mammal)

    royal antelope: The similar dwarf antelope (Neotragus batesi) is only slightly bigger. Both belong to the Neotragini tribe of dwarf antelopes that includes the dik-dik, steenbok, klipspringer, and oribi.

  • dwarf Arctic birch (tree)

    birch: …North America, also called tundra dwarf birch or resin birch, and dwarf birch, or dwarf Arctic birch (B. nana), native to most far northern areas of the world, are small alpine and tundra shrubs commonly known as ground birch. Both species have almost circular leaves, are food sources for birds…

  • dwarf bamboo (plant)

    temperate forest: Flora: …trees a dense layer of dwarf bamboo (Sasa) commonly grows; it may be so thick that it prevents the canopy trees from regenerating from seedlings. Thus, rapid, dense regrowth by dwarf bamboo may seriously interfere with reforestation after logging. Many small flowering herbs such as Aconitum, Shortia, Mitchella, and Viola…

  • dwarf beaked whale (mammal)

    beaked whale: Natural history: …feet) for the dwarf, or pygmy, beaked whale (Mesoplodon peruvianus) to nearly 13 metres (42.7 feet) for the giant bottlenose whale (Berardius bairdii), these mammals weigh between 1,000 and 14,000 kg (2,200 and 31,000 pounds). Colour is variable but usually consists of some combination of gray or black with white.…

  • dwarf bearded iris (plant)

    Iris: Dwarf bearded irises, most of which flower in early spring, are for the most part varieties of the almost stemless I. pumila and the taller I. chamaeiris, both from dry, rocky places in southern Europe.

  • dwarf birch (tree)

    birch: …North America, also called tundra dwarf birch or resin birch, and dwarf birch, or dwarf Arctic birch (B. nana), native to most far northern areas of the world, are small alpine and tundra shrubs commonly known as ground birch. Both species have almost circular leaves, are food sources for birds…

  • dwarf blue sheep (mammal)

    blue sheep: The dwarf blue sheep (P. schaeferi) inhabits the steep, arid, barren lower slopes of the Yangtze River gorge (2,600–3,200 metres [8,500–10,500 feet] above sea level). Above these slopes, a forest zone extends 1,000 metres (3,300 feet) upward to alpine meadows, where the larger P. nayaur occurs.…

  • dwarf boa (reptile)

    boa: …24 dwarf boas of family Tropidophiidae bear live young and live in the West Indies, Central America, and northern South America. They are predominantly terrestrial, occasionally foraging in low trees and bushes to hunt small vertebrates, especially amphibians and lizards.

  • dwarf bush baby (primate genus)

    bush baby: The dwarf bush babies, with their long, slender snouts, are now placed in a separate genus, Galagoides. The Zanzibar bush baby (Galagoides zanzibaricus) and Grant’s bush baby (G. granti) and their relatives live in East African coastal forests from Kenya to Mozambique and Malawi and on…

  • dwarf cassowary (bird)

    cassowary: The dwarf cassowary (C. bennetti) is native to higher elevations of New Guinea and can also be found on the island of New Britain, and the northern cassowary (C. unappendiculatus) inhabits New Guinea’s northern lowlands.

  • dwarf cat (fish)

    corydoras: …patch on its body; the dwarf, or pygmy, corydoras (C. hastatus), an active, 4-centimetre-long species with a black band on each side; the leopard corydoras (C. julii), a silvery catfish patterned in black with stripes, short lines, and numerous small spots; and the peppered corydoras (C. paleatus), a pale, yellowish…

  • dwarf chestnut oak (plant)

    white oak: The dwarf chinquapin oak, or dwarf chestnut oak (Q. prinoides), is a shrub that forms dense thickets; it is a useful cover plant on dry, rocky ridges.

  • dwarf chinquapin oak (plant)

    white oak: The dwarf chinquapin oak, or dwarf chestnut oak (Q. prinoides), is a shrub that forms dense thickets; it is a useful cover plant on dry, rocky ridges.

  • dwarf cornel (plant)

    Bunchberry, (Cornus canadensis), creeping perennial herb of the dogwood family (Cornaceae). The small and inconspicuous yellowish flowers, grouped in heads surrounded by four large and showy white (rarely pink) petallike bracts (modified leaves), give rise to clusters of red fruits. Bunchberry is f

  • dwarf corydoras (fish)

    corydoras: …patch on its body; the dwarf, or pygmy, corydoras (C. hastatus), an active, 4-centimetre-long species with a black band on each side; the leopard corydoras (C. julii), a silvery catfish patterned in black with stripes, short lines, and numerous small spots; and the peppered corydoras (C. paleatus), a pale, yellowish…

  • dwarf crocodile (reptile)

    crocodile: Size range and diversity of structure: caiman (Paleosuchus) and the dwarf crocodile (Osteolaemus tetraspis), reach about 1.7 metres (about 6 feet) in length as adults.

  • dwarf desert hamster (rodent)

    hamster: Dwarf desert hamsters (genus Phodopus) are the smallest, with a body 5 to 10 cm (about 2 to 4 inches) long. The largest is the common hamster (Cricetus cricetus), measuring up to 34 cm long, not including a short tail of up to 6 cm.

  • dwarf Easter cactus (plant)

    Easter cactus: The related dwarf Easter cactus (Hatiora rosea) is a diminutive plant with abundant fragrant rose-pink flowers and is also cultivated. Both species are native to rainforests of Brazil, where they grow as epiphytes (on other plants).

  • dwarf elderberry (plant)

    elderberry: Major species and uses: Danewort, or dwarf, elderberry (S. ebulus), widespread in Eurasia and North Africa, is a perennial with annually herbaceous growth to 1 metre (3 feet). Its clusters of black berries were once a source of dye.

  • dwarf English boxwood (plant)

    boxwood: The dwarf English boxwood, B. sempervirens, variety suffruticosa, is often used to edge walks in formal gardens. The Japanese boxwood (B. microphylla) and its varieties provide a wide range of ornamental shrubs.

  • dwarf flying squirrel (rodent genus)

    flying squirrel: The smallest are the dwarf flying squirrels (Petaurillus) of northern Borneo and the Malay Peninsula; their bodies are just 7 to 9 cm (about 2.8 to 3.5 inches) long and their tails 6 to 10 cm (about 2.4 to 4 inches). When seen in the tall trees of the…

  • dwarf gourami (fish)

    gourami: 75 inches) long; the dwarf gourami (Colisa lalia), 6 cm long, brightly striped in red and blue; the kissing gourami (Helostoma temmincki), a greenish or pinkish white fish noted for its “kissing” activities; and the three-spot, or blue, gourami (Trichogaster trichopterus), a dark-spotted, silvery or blue species.

  • dwarf honeybee (insect)

    honeybee: Apis species: florea, the dwarf honeybee, occurs in southern Asia, where it builds its nests in trees and shrubs. A. andreniformis, the black dwarf honeybee, is native to forested habitats of southeastern Asia. A. dorsata, the giant honeybee, also occurs in southeastern Asia and sometimes builds combs nearly three…

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